|The Book of Common Prayer|
OF REPELLING FROM HOLY COMMUNION
1. For the safeguarding of the Holy Mysteries and for the wellbeing of the Church, it is declared that it is the inherent right of the Bishop of a Diocese to repel offenders from Communion, for good and sufficient causes.
2. If a person be living in open and unrepented sin, the following procedure shall be observed. The Priest of the Charge in which the case occurs shall without delay give warning to such person, and, if he be unrepentant, shall report the whole matter to the Bishop, and thereafter proceed as the Bishop may direct, provided (a) that the Priest in an unforeseen urgent case, if satisfied of urgency, may refuse Communion to such person until he can bring the matter before the Bishop; (b) that the Bishop shall give such person an opportunity of being heard by him before giving his decision; and (c) that in his decision the Bishop shall observe any regulations that may have been made on the subject by the College of Bishops.
3. A person repelled may require the Bishop to consult the College of Bishops as to whether or not he should continue to be repelled, and the College, after such informal enquiry as they think right, shall give their opinion on the subject to the Bishop, who shall give effect to it. The opinion shall be communicated to the person aggrieved. The Bishop, before repelling from Communion, may himself consult the College of Bishops and take their opinion on the course that he should pursue; in which case he shall follow that opinion, and no further appeal shall be allowed. In this case also the College shall make such reasonable enquiry as they think right.
APPLICABLE TO BOTH THE AUTHORIZED OFFICES OF
It is desirable that so many as intend to be partakers of the Holy Communion should signify their names to the Priest.
The Priest shall sing or say the Service in a distinct and audible voice.
Upon the Sundays and other Holy-days (if there be no Communion) may be said all that is appointed at the Communion until the end of the Sentences appointed for the Offertory, together with one or more of the Collects in the Appendix, concluding with the Blessing.
And in Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, and Colleges, where there are many Priests and Deacons, they shall all receive the Communion with the Priest every Sunday at the least, except they have a reasonable cause to the contrary.
It is desirable that the Bread for the Holy Communion shall be the best and purest wheat bread, whether loaf or wafer, that conveniently may be gotten.
It is customary to mix a little pure water with the Wine in the Eucharistic Cup.
According to long-existing custom in the Scottish Church, the Presbyter may reserve so much of the consecrated Gifts as may be required for the Communion of the Sick and others who could not be present at the celebration in church. All that remaineth of the Holy Sacrament, and is not so required, the Presbyter and such other of the communicants as he shall then call unto him shall, after the Blessing, reverently eat and drink.
It is the duty of every confirmed member of the Church to receive the Holy Sacrament with frequency, and especially to receive it at Easter and at the other Great Festivals of the Church.
It is hereby declared that it is the duty of the Minister to use and observe the Order for Holy Communion without diminishing therefrom or adding thereto. The Order here provided shall not be supplemented by additional prayers save so far as may be ordered or permitted by the Bishop.
At every celebration of the Holy Communion reasonable opportunity to communicate shall be given to the people who wish to do so.
THE SCOTTISH LITURGY
FOR THE CELEBRATION OF THE HOLY EUCHARIST AND ADMINISTRATION OF HOLY COMMUNION
THE SCOTTISH COMMUNION OFFICE
The Holy Table, having at the Communion time a fair white linen cloth upon it, with other decent furniture meet for the High Mysteries there to be celebrated, shall stand at the uppermost part of the chancel or church. And the Presbyter, standing at the Holy Table, shall say the Collect following for due preparation, the people kneeling.
ALMIGHTY God, unto whom all hearts be open, all desires known, and from whom no secrets are hid: Cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of thy Holy Spirit, that we may perfectly love thee, and worthily magnify thy holy Name; through Christ our Lord. Amen.
Then shall the Presbyter, turning to the people, rehearse distinctly all the Ten Commandments: the people all the while kneeling, and asking God mercy for the transgression of every duty therein, according to the letter or to the spiritual import of each Commandment, and grace to keep the same for the time to come. The Ten Commandments may be rehearsed in the short form by stopping at the asterisks.
spake these words and said; I am the Lord thy God: Thou shalt have none
other gods but me.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not make
to thyself any graven image, nor the likeness of any thing that is in
heaven above, or in the earth beneath, or in the water under the earth.
Thou shalt not bow down to them, nor worship them*. For I the Lord thy
God am a jealous God, and visit the sins of the fathers upon the children
unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, and shew
mercy unto thousands in them that love me, and keep my commandments.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not take the Name
of the Lord thy God in vain*. For the Lord will not hold him guiltless,
that taketh his Name in vain.
Presbyter. Remember that thou keep holy
the sabbath-day. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all that thou hast
to do*; but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God. In it
thou shalt do no manner of work, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter,
thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, thy cattle, and the stranger
that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth,
the sea,, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore
the Lord blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it.
Presbyter. Honour thy father and thy
mother*; that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy God
Presbyter. Thou shalt do no murder.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not steal.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not bear false
witness against thy neighbour.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not covet* thy
neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his
servant, nor his maid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is
Or he may rehearse, instead of the Ten Commandments, the Summary of the Law as followeth:
Lord Jesus Christ said: Hear, O Israel,the Lord our God is one Lord:
and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all
thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: This is
the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt
love thy neighbour as thyself: there is none other commandment greater
Or else, instead of, or in addition to, the Ten Commandments or the Summary of the Law, may be sung or said as followeth:
Then shall be said the Collect or Collects, the Presbyter standing as before and first saying,
Let us pray.
|* The Greek forms -- "Kyrie, eleison", and "Christe, eleison" -- may be used in either the threefold or the ninefold form instead of the English forms "Lord, have mercy upon us", "Christ, have mercy upon us".|
Then the Presbyter, or some other Presbyter or Deacon, turning to the people, shall read the Epistle or Lesson, saying, The Epistle [or The Lesson] is written in thechapter ofbeginning at theverse. And, the Epistle or Lesson ended, he shall say, Here endeth the Epistle or Lesson]. Then shall the Presbyter, or some other Presbyter or Deacon, turning to the people, read the Gospel, saying, The Holy Gospel is written in thechapter of the Gospel according to, beginning at theverse; and the people, all standing up, shall devoutly sing or say,
Glory be to thee, O Lord.
Thanks be to thee, O Lord, for this thy glorious Gospel.
BELIEVE in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, And
of all things visible and invisible:
Then the Presbyter shall declare unto the people what Holy-days or Fasting-days are to be observed in the week. And also (if occasion be) notice shall be given of the Holy Communion; Banns of Matrimony may be published; and, subject to the authority of the Bishop, other notices may be read.
If there be a Sermon, it followeth here.
When the Presbyter giveth warning of the Holy Communion he may, at his discretion, use the first or the second of the Exhortations appended on pages 377-380.
The Exhortation appended on page 381 may be used at the discretion of the Presbyter before the Offertory, the people standing.
The Presbyter may here bid special prayers and thanksgivings.
Then, the people standing until after the Sanctus, the Presbyter, or Deacon, shall say,
LET us present our offerings to the Lord with reverence and godly fear.
Then the Presbyter shall begin the Offertory, saying one or more of these Sentences following, as he thinketh most convenient.
I WILL offer in his dwelling an oblation with great gladness; I will sing and speak praises unto the Lord. Psalm 27. 7.
Offer unto God thanksgiving, and pay thy vows unto the most Highest. Psalm 50. 14.
Give unto the Lord the glory due unto his Name: bring an offering, and come into his courts. Psalm 96. 8.
I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the Name of the Lord; I will pay my vows unto the Lord in the sight of all his people. Psalm 116. 15, 16.
Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven: but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. St. Matthew 7. 21.
Remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. Acts 20. 85.
As we have opportunity, let us do good unto all men; especially unto them who are of the household of faith. Galatians 6. 10.
To do good and to communicate forget not; for with such sacrifices God is well-pleased. Hebrews 13. 16.
(a) ADVENT. Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Sion: behold, thy king cometh unto thee. Zechariah 9. 9.
(b) CHRISTMAS. Unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given. Isaiah 9. 6.
(c) EPIPHANY. From the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name is great among the Gentiles: and in every place incense is offered unto my name, and a pure offering; for my name is great among the Gentiles, saith the Lord. Malachi 1. 11.
(d) LENT. Turn thy face from my sins, and put out all my misdeeds. Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me. Psalm 51. 9, 10.
(e) PASSIONTIDE. Thy rebuke hath broken my heart; I am full of heaviness: I looked for some to have pity on me, but there was no man, neither found I any to comfort me. Psalm 69. 21.
(f) EASTER. Christ is risen from the dead; and become the first-fruits of them that slept. Alleluia. 1 Corinthians 15. 20.
(g) ASCENSION. Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors: and the King of glory shall come in. Alleluia. Psalm 24. 9.
(h) WHITSUN. I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh. Alleluia. Joel 2. 28.
(i) TRINITY SUNDAY Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy Name? For thou only art holy. Revelation 15. 4.
(j) SAINTS' DAYS. All thy works praise thee, O Lord: and thy saints give thanks unto thee. Psalm 145. 10.
(k) GENERAL. Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. Genesis 14. 18.
While the Presbyter distinctly pronounceth one or more of these Sentences for the Offertory, the Deacon, or (if no such be present) some other fit person, shall receive the devotions of the people there present, in a bason provided for that purpose. And when all have offered, he shall reverently bring the said bason, with the offerings therein, and deliver it to the Presbyter; who shall humbly present it before the Lord, and set it upon the Holy Table.
And the Presbyter shall then offer up, and place the bread and wine prepared for the Sacrament upon the Lord's Table; and shall say,
BLESSED be thou, O Lord God, for ever and ever. Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine: thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and thou art exalted as head above all: both riches and honour come of thee, and of thine own do we give unto thee. Amen.
Then shall the Presbyter say,
Lord be with you;
IT is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we should at all times, and in all places, give thanks unto thee, O Lord, Holy Father, Almighty, Everlasting God.
Here shall follow the Proper Preface, according to the time, if there be any especially appointed (see pages 366-371); or else immediately shall follow,
THEREFORE with Angels and Archangels, and with all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious Name; evermore praising thee and saying:
Here may be sung or said:
BLESSED is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest.
When this is sung or said, Amen shall be omitted after the Sanctus.
Then the Presbyter, standing at such a part of the Holy Table as he may with the most ease and decency use both his hands, shall say the Prayer of Consecration, as followeth:
ALL glory and thanksgiving be to thee, Almighty God, our heavenly Father, for that thou of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the cross for our redemption; who, by his own oblation of himself once offered, made a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy Gospel command us to continue, a perpetual memorial of that his precious death and sacrifice until his coming again.
For, in the night that he was betrayed, ahe took bread; and when he had given thanks, bhe brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat, cthis is my Body, which is given for you: Do this in remembrance of me. Likewise after supper dhe took the cup; and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this, for ethis is my Blood of the new testament, which is shed for you and for many for the remission of sins: Do this as oft as ye shall drink it in remembrance of me.
And we earnestly desire thy fatherly goodness, mercifully to accept this our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving, most humbly beseeching thee to grant, that by the merits and death of thy Son Jesus Christ, and through faith in his blood, we and all thy whole Church may obtain remission of our sins, and all other benefits of his passion.
And here we humbly offer and present unto thee, O Lord, ourselves, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and living sacrifice unto thee, beseeching thee that all we who shall be partakers of this Holy Communion may worthily receive the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son Jesus Christ, and be fulfilled with thy grace and heavenly benediction, and made one body with him, that he may dwell in us and we in him.
And although we be unworthy, through our manifold sins, to offer unto thee any sacrifice; yet we beseech thee to accept this our bounden duty and service, not weighing our merits, but pardoning our offences, through Jesus Christ our Lord; by whom, and with whom, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, all honour and glory be unto thee, O Father Almighty, world without end. Amen.
* This rubric may be disregarded.
Then shall the Presbyter or Deacon say,
Let us pray for the whole state of Christ's Church.
ALMIGHTY and Everliving
God, who by thy holy Apostle hast taught us to make intercessions and
to give thanks for all men: We humbly pray thee most mercifully to receive
these our supplications which we offer unto thy Divine Majesty; beseeching
thee to inspire continually the universal Church with the spirit of
truth, unity, and concord; and grant that all they that do confess thy
holy Name may agree in the truth of thy holy word, and live in unity
and godly love.
The Second Shorter Litany (without
the final collect) may be used instead of, and in the place of, this Prayer
for the Church.
1 On feasts of the Blessed Virgin and the Saints for which a Proper Preface is provided, this commemoration may be inserted with the Bishop's consent: and chiefly in the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord and God, and in the Holy Patriarchs, Prophets, Apostles, and Martyrs, beseeching thee to give us grace, &c.
Then shall the Presbyter say,
As our Saviour Christ hath commanded and taught us, we are bold to say,
Here the Presbyter shall break the consecrated Bread; and silence may be kept for a brief space.
Then shall the Presbyter say:
peace of the Lord be with you all;*
* "The peace of the Lord be with you always" may be used instead.
"Brethren, let us love one another..." may be omitted; and, when it is used, "Beloved" may be substituted for "Brethren".
Then the Presbyter or Deacon shall say this invitation to them that come to receive the Holy Communion,
YE that do truly and earnestly repent you of your sins, and are in love and charity with your neighbours, and intend to lead a new life, following the commandments of God, and walking from henceforth in his holy ways: Draw near with faith, and take this Holy Sacrament to your comfort; and make your humble confession to Almighty God, meekly kneeling upon your knees.
Then shall this general Confession be made by the people, along with the Presbyter; he first kneeling down.
ALMIGHTY God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Maker of all things, Judge of all men: We acknowledge and bewail our manifold sins and wickedness, Which we from time to time most grievously have committed, By thought, word, and deed Against thy Divine Majesty, Provoking most justly thy wrath and indignation against us. We do earnestly repent, And are heartily sorry for these our misdoings; The remembrance of them is grievous unto us; The burden of them is intolerable. Have mercy upon us, Have mercy upon us, most merciful Father; For thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ's sake, Forgive us all that is past; And grant that we may ever hereafter Serve and please thee In newness of life, To the honour and glory of thy Name; Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The Exhortation "Ye that do truly" and the Comfortable Words may be omitted on all weekdays.
On weekdays when the longer form of Confession is used, "Let us humbly confess our sins to Almighty God" may be substituted for "Ye that do truly. . .".
Then shall the Presbyter, or the Bishop if he be present, stand up, and, turning himself to the people, pronounce the Absolution as followeth:
ALMIGHTY God, our heavenly Father, who of his great mercy hath promised forgiveness of sins to all them who with hearty repentance and true faith turn unto him: Have mercy upon you; pardon and deliver you from all your sins; confirm and strengthen you in all goodness; and bring you to everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Hear what comfortable words our. Saviour Christ saith unto all that truly turn to him.
COME unto me all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. St. Matthew 11. 28.
God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. St. John 3. 16.
Hear also what Saint Paul saith.
This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners. 1 Timothy 1. 15.
Hear also what Saint John saith.
If any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: and he is the propitiation for our sins. 1 St. John 2. 1, 2.
Then shall the Presbyter, turning him to the Altar, kneel down, and say, in the name of all them that shall communicate, this Collect of humble access to the Holy Communion, as followeth:
WE do not presume to come to this thy Holy Table, O merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies. We are not worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy Table: but thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy. Grant us therefore, gracious Lord, so to eat the Flesh of thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and to drink his Blood, that our sinful bodies may be made clean by his most sacred Body, and our souls washed through his most precious Blood, and that we may evermore dwell in him, and he in us. Amen.*
|* The people may join with the priest in reciting this prayer.|
Here may be sung or said:
LAMB of God, that takest away the sins of the world: have mercy upon
Then shall he that celebrateth first receive the Communion in both kinds himself and next deliver the same to the Bishops, Presbyters, and Deacons (if there be any present), and after to the people in due order, into their hands, all humbly kneeling. And when he receiveth himself or delivereth the Sacrament of the Body of Christ to any other, he shall say,
THE Body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.
the person receiving shall say,
And the Presbyter that receiveth the Cup himself, as likewise the Presbyter or Deacon that delivereth it to any other, shall say,
THE Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was shed for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.
the person receiving shall say,
If the consecrated Bread or Wine be all spent before all have communicated, the Presbyter is to consecrate more in both kinds, according to the Form appended to this Liturgy.
When all have communicated, he that celebrateth shall go to the Lord's Table, and cover with a fair linen cloth that which remaineth of the consecrated Elements.
Then the Presbyter or Deacon, turning to the people, shall say,
HAVING now received the precious Body and Blood of Christ, let us give thanks to our Lord God, who hath graciously vouchsafed to admit us to the participation of his Holy Mysteries; and let us beg of him grace to perform our vows, and to persevere in our good resolutions; and that being made holy, we may obtain everlasting life, through the merits of the all-sufficient sacrifice of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
This Exhortation may be omitted [except on Sundays and the Great Festivals]*.
Then the Presbyter shall say this Collect of thanksgiving as followeth.§
* now completely optional, and may be replaced by:
V. O give thanks unto
the Lord, for he is gracious;
Let us pray.
§ On weekdays one or more of the Post-Communion Collects may be used as an alternative to the Prayer of Thanksgiving.
ALMIGHTY and Everliving God, we most heartily thank thee, for that thou dost vouchsafe to feed us, who have duly received these Holy Mysteries, with the spiritual food of the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ; and dost assure us thereby of thy favour and goodness towards us, and that we are very members incorporate in the mystical Body of thy Son, which is the blessed company of all faithful people; and are also heirs through hope of thy everlasting kingdom, by the merits of his most precious death and passion. We now most humbly beseech thee, O heavenly Father, so to assist us with thy Holy Spirit, that we may continue in that holy communion and fellowship, and do all such good works as thou hast prepared for us to walk in; through Jesus Christ our Lord, to whom, with thee and the Holy Ghost, be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.
Then shall be sung or said Gloria in excelsis, by the Presbyter and people, as followeth:*
be to God in the highest, and in earth peace, good will towards men.
We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee, we
give thanks to thee for thy great glory, O Lord God, heavenly King,
God the Father Almighty; and to thee, O God, the only-begotten Son Jesu
Christ; and to thee, O God, the Holy Ghost.
|* The Gloria in Excelsis may be omitted on Sundays in Advent, and on those from Septuagesima to Palm Sunday inclusive.|
For the Post-Communions see pages 371-377.
Then the Presbyter, or the Bishop if he be present, shall let them depart with this Blessing.
THE peace of God which passeth all understanding, keep your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord: And the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be amongst you and remain with you always. Amen.
The Creed, the Exhortation Ye that do truly, the Comfortable Words and the Gloria in excelsis may be omitted on Weekdays except on Red Letter Days.
THE ORDER FOR A SECOND
IF THE CONSECRATED BREAD OR WINE BE ALL SPENT BEFORE ALL HAVE COMMUNICATED
The Presbyter shall consecrate more in both kinds, saying:
We thine unworthy servants therefore beseech thee, most merciful Father, to hear us, and to send thy Holy Spirit upon us and upon these thy gifts and creatures of bread and wine, that, being blessed and hallowed by his life-giving power, they may become the Body and Blood of thy most dearly beloved Son, to the end that all who shall receive the same may be sanctified both in body and soul, and preserved unto everlasting life.
And the people shall say,
* This rubric may be disregarded.
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