The Book of Common Prayer
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    The Book of Common Prayer for Scotland (1637)


where and how Morning
and Evening prayer shall

be said or sung

THE Morning and Evening Prayer shall be used in the accustomed place of the Church, Chapel, or Chancell, except it bee otherwise determined by the Ordinarie of the place; and the Chancels shall remaine as they have done in times past.

AND here is to be noted, that the Presbyter or Minister at the time of the Communion, and at other times in his Ministration, shall use such Ornaments in the Church, as are prescribed, or shall be by his Majesty, or his Successors, according to the Act of Parliament provided in that behalf.




daily throughout the year.

AT the beginning both of Morning Prayer, and likewise of Evening Prayer, the Presbyter or Minister shall reade with a loud voyce some one of these Sentences of the Scriptures that follow. And then he shall say that which is written after the said Sentences.


From this point on, rubrics (here in italics) are in Roman in the original, with the main text in blackletter.

Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed, and make you a new heart, and a new spirit; for why will ye die? For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord God: wherefore turn your selves and live.


Ezek. 18. 31. 32.

    Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities. Ps. 51
    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Ps. 51
    Rent your heart and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God: for he is gracious and mercifull, slow to anger, and of great kindnesse, and repenteth him of the evil.
Joel 2. 13
    To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him. Neither have we obeyed the voyce of the Lord our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets.
Dan. 9
    He that covereth his sinnes shall not prosper; but he that confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.
Ps. 28
    O Lord, correct me, but with judgement; not in thine anger, lest thou bring me to nothing.
Jer. 10. 24
    Enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
Ps. 143. 2

    If we say that we have no sinne, we deceive our selves, and the truth is not in us.

DEARLY beloved brethren, the Scripture moveth us in sundry places, to acknowledge and confesse our manifold sins and wickednesse, and that we should not dissemble nor cloak them before the face of Almighty God our heavenly Father, but confesse them with an humble, lowly, penitent, and obedient heart: to the end that wee may obtain forgivenesse of the same by his infinite goodnesse and mercy. And although we ought at all times, humbly to knowledge our sins before God: yet ought we most chiefly so to do, when we assemble and meet together to render thanks for the great benefits that we have received at his hands, to set forth his most worthy praise, to heare his most holy Word, and to aske those things which bee requisite and necessary, as well for the body as the soul. Wherefore I pray and beseech you, as many as be here present, to accompany me with a pure heart and humble voyce, unto the throne of the heavenly grace, saying after me:

1 John 1

A General Confession To be said by all that are present after or with the Deacon or Presbyter, all humbly kneeling.

ALMIGHTY and most mercifull Father, we have erred and strayed from thy wayes, like lost sheep, we have followed too much the devices and desires of our own hearts: we have offended against thy holy Laws, wee have left undone those things which wee ought to have done, and we have done those things which we ought not to have done : and there is no health in us : but thou, O Lord, have mercy upon us miserable offenders : Spare thou them, O God, which confesse their faults : Restore thou them that be penitent, according to thy promises declared unto mankinde in Christ Jesu our Lord : and grant, O most merciful Father, for his sake, that we may hereafter live a godly, righteous, and sober life, to the glory of thy holy Name, and the salvation of our own souls. Amen.

The Absolution or Remission of sinnes to be pronounced by the Presbyter alone, he standing up and turning himself to the people, but they still remaining humbly upon their knees.

ALMIGHTY GOD, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who desireth not the death of a sinner, but rather that he may turn from his wickednesse and live: and who hath given power and commandement to the Presbyters of his Church the Ministers of his gospel, to declare and pronounce to his people being penitent, the absolution and remission of their sins : The same Almighty GOD pardoneth and absolveth all them which truly repent, and unfeignedly beleeve his holy gospel. Wherefore wee beseech him to grant us true repentance and his holy Spirit, that wee may receive from him absolution from all our sins, that those things may please him, which we do at this present, and that the rest of our life hereafter, may be pure and holy: so that at the last we may come to his eternal joy: through Jesus Christ our Lord.

The people shall answer. Amen.

Then shall the Presbyter or Minister begin the Lord's Prayer with a loud voice. And in this, and in all other places of the Liturgy, where the last words, for thine is the kingdom, &c. are expressed, the Presbyter shall reade them. But in all places where they are not expressed, he shall end at the words, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

OUR Father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdome come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespasse against us. And leade us not into temptation : but deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdome, the power, and the glory, for ever and ever. Amen.

Then likewise he shall say.
O Lord open thou our lips.
And our mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
O God make speede to save us.
O Lord make haste to helpe us.

Then all of them standing up, the Presbyter shall say or sing.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son: and to the holy Ghost.
As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be: world without end. Amen.

Praise ye the Lord.
The Lords Name be praised.
Then shall be said or sung this Psalme following.


O come, let us sing unto the Lord : let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation.
    Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving : and make a joyful noise unto him with psalms.
    For the Lord is a great God : and a great King above all gods.
    In his hand are the deep places of the earth : the strength of the hills is his also.
    The sea is his, and he made it : and his hands formed the dry land.
    O come, let us worship and bow down : let us kneel before the Lord our maker.
    For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand.
    To day if yee will heare his voyce, harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wildernesse.
    When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work.
    Fourty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do erre in their heart, and they have not known my wayes.
    Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.
    Glory be to the Father, &c.
    As it was in the beginning, &c.

Then shall follow certain Psalms in order as they be appointed in a table made for that purpose, except there be proper Psalms appointed for that day. And at the end of the Venite, and also at the end of every psalm through out the year, and likewise in the end of Benedictus, Magnificat, and Nunc dimittis, shall be repeated, Glory be to the Father, and to the Sonne : and to the holy Ghost.
         And the people shall answer,
    As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be: world without end. Amen. Every one standing up at the same.

Then shall be read two Lessons distinctly with a loud voyce that the people may hear. The first of the Old Testament, the second of the New, like as they be appointed by the Kalendar, except there be proper Lessons assigned for that day. The Presbyter or Minister that readeth the Lesson standing and turning him so, as he may best be heard of all such as be present. And before every Lesson, the Presbyter or Minister shall say thus, The first, second, third, or fourth chapter of Genesis, or Exodus, Saint Matthew, Saint Mark, or other like, as is appointed in the Kalendar. And in the end of every chapter he shall say, Here endeth such a chapter of such a book.

And (to the end the people may the better hear) in such places where they do sing, there shall the Lessons be sung in a plaine tune after the manner of distinct reading, and likewise the Epistle and Gospel.

After the first Lesson shall be said or sung Te Deum laudamus, in English, daily through the whole year.


Venite exultemus domino. Ps. 95

WE praise thee, O God : wee knowledge thee to be the Lord.
    All the earth doth worship thee : the Father everlasting.
    To thee all angels cry aloud : the heavens and all the powers therein.
    To thee Cherubin and Seraphin : continually doe cry.
    Holy, holy, holy : Lord God of Sabaoth.
    Heaven and earth are full of the Majesty : of thy glory.
    The glorious company of the Apostles : praise thee.
    The goodly fellowship of the Prophets : praise thee.
    The noble army of Martyrs : praise thee.
    The holy Church throughout all the world : doth knowledge thee:
    The Father : of an infinite Majesty.
    Thine honorable, true : and only Sonne:
    Also the Holy Ghost : the Comforter.
    Thou art the King of glory : O Christ.
    Thou art the everlasting Sonne : of the Father.
    When thou tookest upon thee to deliver man : thou didst not abhorre the Virgin's wombe.
    When thou haddest overcome the sharpnesse of death : thou didst open the kingdom of heaven to all believers.
    Thou sittest on the right hand of God : in the glory of the Father.
    We believe that thou shalt come : to be our Judge.
    We therefore pray thee help thy servants : whom thou hast redeemed with thy precious blood.
    Make them to be numbered with thy Saints : in glory everlasting.
    O Lord, save thy people : and bless thine heritage.
    Govern them : and lift them up for ever.
    Day by day : we magnify thee.
    And we worship thy Name : ever world without end.
    Vouchsafe (O Lord) : to keep us this day without sin.
    O Lord, have mercy upon us : have mercy upon us.
    O Lord, let thy mercy lighten upon us : as our trust is in thee.
    O Lord, in thee have I trusted : let me never be confounded.
From this point through the rubric before the Collects, a missing page prevents comparison with the original.

Or this Psalm.

THe Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want.
    He maketh me to ly down in green pastures : he leadeth me beside the still waters.
    He restoreth my soul : he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his Names sake.
    Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil : for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
    Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies : thou anointest my head with oil, my cup runneth over.
    Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life : and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever.
    Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to the Holy Ghost.
    As it was in the beginning, is now, &c.

        And after the second Lesson shall be used and said, Benedictus Dominus Deus Israel, in English, as followeth.


Dominus regit me. Psal. 23.

BLessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he hath visited and redeemed his people,
    And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us, in the house of his servant David;
    As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:
    That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us.
    To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant:
    The oath which he sware to our father Abraham, that he would grant unto us,
    That we being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, might serve him without fear,
    In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
    And thou, child shalt be called the prophet of the Highest : for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways;
    To give knowledge of salvation unto his people, by the Remission of their sins,
    Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the day-spring from on high hath visited us,
    To give light to them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
    Glory be to the Father, and to the Son: and to the Holy Ghost.
    As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be: world without end. Amen.

Or else c. Psalm.

Luke i. 68.

MAke a joyful noise unto the Lord, all ye lands,
Serve the Lord with gladness : come before his presence with singing.
    Know ye that the Lord he is God, it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves : we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
    Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise : be thankful unto him, and bless his Name.
    For the LORD is good; his mercy is everlasting : and his truth endureth to all generations.
    Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, &c.
    As it was in the beginning, is now, &c.

    Then shall be said or sung the Creed by the Presbyter or Minister and the people standing.

Jubilate Deo.

Psalm 100

I Believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth: and in Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord, which was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Ponce Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried, he descended into hell, the third day he rose again from the dead, he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty: from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost, the holy Catholick Church, the Communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the Resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

    And after that, these Prayers following, as well at Evening Prayer as at Morning Prayer, all devoutly kneeling, the Presbyter or Minister first pronouncing with a loud voice.

The Lord be with you.
. And with thy spirit.
The Presbyter.   ¶ Let us pray.

Lord have mercy upon us.
    Christ have mercy upon us.
Lord have mercy upon us.

    Then the Presbyter, Clerks, and People, shall say the Lord's Prayer, with a loud voice.

OUr Father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation: but deliver us from evil, for thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory, for ever and ever. Amen.

    Then the Presbyter standing, up shall say.

    O Lord shew thy mercy upon us.
    Answer. And grant us thy salvation.
    Presbyter. O Lord save our King.
    Answer. And mercifully hear us, when we call upon thee.
     Presbyter. Endue thy Presbyters and Ministers with righteousness.
    Answer. And make thy chosen people joyful.
    Presbyter. O Lord save thy people.
    Answer. And bless thine Inheritance.
    Presbyter. Give peace in our time, O Lord.
    Answer. Because there is none other that fighteth for us, but only thou, O God.
    Presbyter. O God make clean our hearts within us.
    Answer. And take not thy holy Spirit from us.

Then shall follow three Collects: The first of the day, which shall be the same that is appointed at the Communion. The second, for peace. The third, for grace to live well. And the two last Collects shall never alter, but daily bee said at Morning prayer throughout all the year, as followeth.

The second Collect for peace.

O GOD, which art authour of peace, and lover of concord, in knowledge of whom standeth our eternall life, whose service is perfect freedome : defend us thy humble servants, in all assaults of our enemies, that wee surely trusting in thy defence, may not fear the power of any adversaries; through the might of Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

The third Collect for grace

O LORD, our heavenly Father, Almighty and everlasting God, which hast safely brought us to the beginning of this day, defend us in the same with thy mighty power, and grant that this day we fall into no sinne, neither runne into any kinde of danger : but that all our doings may be ordered by thy governance, to do alwayes that is righteous in thy sight; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

After this Collect ended, followeth the Letany : and if the Letany be not appointed to be said that morning, then shall next be said the prayer for the Kings Majestie, with the rest of the prayers following at the end of the Letany, and the Benediction.


Last page of Morning Prayer
The final part of Morning Prayer, as it appeared in the original

Return to the 1637 Scottish Book of Common Prayer

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