The Book of Common Prayer
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    1786 Proposed U. S. Book of Common Prayer



The O R D E R for


The Minister shall begin the MORNING PRAYER by reading, with an audible voice, some of the following sentences of scripture.

T H E Lord is in his holy temple; let all the earth keep silence before him. Hab. ii. 20.
    From the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same, my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name and a pure offering; for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the Lord of Hosts. Mal. i. 11.
    When the wicked man turneth away from his wickedness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive. Ezek. xviii. 27.
    I acknowledge my transgressions and my sin is ever before me. Psal. ii. 3.
    Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities. Psal. li. 9.
    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. Psal. li. 17.
    Rend your hearts, and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God; for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. Joel ii. 13.
    To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him: neither have we obeyed the voice of the Lord our God, to walk in his laws which he set before us. Dan. ix. 9, 10.
    O Lord, correct me, but with judgment: not in thine anger, lest thou bring me to nothing. Jer. x. 24. Psal. vi. 1.
    Repent ye; for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. St. Mat. iii. 2.
    I will arise, and go to my father; and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called thy son. St. Luke xv. 18, 19.
    Enter not into judgment with thy servant, O Lord, for in thy sight shall no man living be justified. Psal. cxliii. 2.
    If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us: But if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousess. 1 St. John i. 8, 9.


DEarly beloved brethren, the scripture moveth us in sundry places to acknowledge and confess our manifold sins and wickedness; and that we should not dissemble nor cloke them before the face of Almighty God our heavenly Father; but confess them with an humble, lowly penitent, and obedient heart; to the end that we might obtain forgiveness of the same, by his infinite goodness and mercy. And although we ought at all times humbly to acknowledge our sins before God; yet ought we chiefly so to do, when we assemble and meet together, to render thanks for the great benefits that we have received at his hands, to set forth his most worthy praise, to bear his most holy word, and to ask those things which are requisite and necessary as well for the body as the soul. Wherefore I pray and beseech you, as many as are here present, to accompany me with a pure heart and humble voice, unto the throne of the heavenly grace, saying after me:

A general Confession, to be said by the whole Congregation; after the Minister, all kneeling.

ALmighty and most merciful Father, We have erred and strayed like from thy ways lost sheep: We have followed too much the devices and desires of our own hearts: We have offended against thy holy laws: We have left undone those things which we ought to have done; And we have done those things which we ought not to have done; And there is no health in us. But thou O Lord, have mercy upon us miserable offenders. Spare thou those O God; who confess their faults: Restore thou those who are penitent; According to thy promises declared unto mankind in Christ Jesus our Lord. And grant, O most merciful Father for his sake, That we may hereafter live a godly, righteous and sober life, to the glory of thy holy Name. Amen.

A Declaration concerning the Forgiveness of Sins; to be made by the Minister alone, standing; the People still kneeling.

ALmighty God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, desireth not the death of a sinner, but rather that he may turn from his wickedness and live; and hath given power and commandment to his Ministers, to declare and pronounce to his People, being penitent, the Absolution and Remission of their sins. He pardoneth and absolveth all those who truly repent, and unfeignedly believe his holy Gospel. Wherefore let us beseech him to grant us true repentance, and his holy Spirit; that those things may please him which we do at this present, and that the rest of our life hereafter may, be pure and holy; so that at the last we may come to his eternal joy, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

The People answer here, and at the end of all other Prayers, Amen.

Then the Minister shall kneel and say the Lord's Prayer with an audible voice; the People also kneeling, and repeating it with them, both here, and wheresoever else it is used in Divine Service.

OUr Father, who art in Heaven, hallowed be thy Name; Thy Kingdom come: Thy will be done in Earth, As it is in Heaven: Give us this day our daily bread: and forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those who trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil: For thine is the Kingdom, And the Power, And the Glory, For ever and ever. Amen.

Then likewise he shall say,

    O Lord, open thou our lips;
    Answ. And our mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
    Minister. O God, make speed to save us.
    Answ. O Lord, make haste to help us.

Here all standing up, the Minister shall say,

    Glory be to the Father, and to the Son: and to the Holy Ghost;
    Answ. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be: world without end. Amen.
    Minister. Praise ye the Lord.
    Answ. The Lord's Name be praised.

Then shall he said or sung, this Psalm following: Except on Easter Day, upon which another Anthem is appointed. Psal. 95.

O Come, let us sing unto the Lord : let us heartily rejoice in the strength of our salvation.
    Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving : and show ourselves glad in him with psalms.
    For the Lord is a great God: and a great King above all gods.
    In his hand are all the corners of the earth: and the strength of the hills is his also.
    The sea is his, and he made it: and his hands prepared the dry Land.
    O come, let us worship, and fall down: and kneel before the Lord our Maker.
    For he is the Lord our God: and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand.
    Today if ye will hear his voice; harden not your hearts: as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness;
    When your fathers tempted me: proved me, and saw my works.
    Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said: It is a people that do err in their hearts, for they have not known my ways:
    Unto whom I sware in my wrath: that they should not enter into my rest.

Then shall follow the Psalms in order as announced, and instead of saying the Gloria Patri at the end of each Psalm, let it be said only at the end of the whole portion of Psalms; or, in the place thereof, let the following Anthem be said or sung:

GLory be to God on high, and in earth peace, good will towards men. We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee, we give thanks to thee for thy great glory, O Lord God, heavenly king, God the Father Almighty.
    O Lord, the only begotten Son Jesus Christ; O Lord God, Lamb of God, who hath taken away the sins of the world, and now sittest at the right hand of God the Father, have mercy upon us.
    For thou only art holy, thou only art the Lord thou only, O Christ, with the Holy Ghost art most high in the glory of God the Father. Amen.


Then shall be read the first Lesson, according to the Table or Kalendar; after which shall be said or sung the following Hymn.

Note, That before every Lesson the Minister shall say; Here beginneth such a Chapter, or Verse of such a Chapter of such a Book: And after every Lesson, Here endeth the First, or the Second Lesson.

WE praise thee, O God: we acknowledge thee to be the Lord.
    All the earth doth worship thee: the Father everlasting.
    To thee all Angels cry aloud: the Heavens, and all the Powers therein.
    To thee Cherubim, and Seraphim: continually do cry,
    Holy, Holy, Holy: Lord God of Sabaoth.
    Heaven and Earth are full of the Majesty: of thy Glory.
    The glorious company of the Apostles: praise thee.
    The goodly fellowship of the Prophets: praise thee.
    The noble army of Martyrs: praise thee.
    The holy Church throughout all the world: doth acknowledge thee.
    The Father: of an infinite Majesty;
    Thine adorable, true: and only Son;
    Also the Holy Ghost: the Comforter,
    Thou art the King of Glory: O Christ.
    Thou art the everlasting Son: of the Father.
    When thou tookest upon thee to deliver man: thou didst humble thyself to be born of a pure Virgin.
    When thou hast overcome the sharpness of death: thou didst open the kingdom of Heaven to all believers.
    Thou sittest at the right hand of God: in the Glory of the Father.
    We believe that thou shalt come: to be our Judge.
    We therefore pray thee, help thy servants: whom thou hast redeemed with thy precious blood.
    Make them to be numbered with thy saints: in Glory everlasting.
    O Lord, save thy people: and bless thine heritage.
    Govern them: and lift them up for ever.
    Day by day: we magnify thee;
    And we worship thy Name: ever world without end.
    Vouchsafe, O Lord: to keep us this day without sin.
    O Lord, have mercy upon us: have mercy upon us.
    O Lord, let thy mercy be upon us: as our trust is in thee.

Then shall be read in like manner the Second Lesson, taken out, of the New Testament. And after that, the Hymn following.

St. Luke: 1, 68.

BLessed be the Lord God of Israel: for he hath visited and redeemed his people;
    And hath raised up a mighty salvation for us: in the house of his servant David;
    As he spake by the mouth of, his holy Prophets; which have been since the world began;
    That we should be saved from our enemies: and from the hands of all that hate us;
    To perform the mercy promised to our forefathers: and to remember his holy Covenant.
    To perform the oath which he sware to our forefather Abraham: that would give us;
    That we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies: might serve him without fear.
    In holiness and righteousness before him: all the days of our life.
    And thou, Child, shalt he called the Prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways;
    To give knowledge of salvation unto his People: for the remission of their sins,
    Through the tender mercy of our God: whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us;
    To give light to them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death: and to guide our feet into the way of peace.

Or this.

Psal. 100.

O Be joyful in the Lord, all ye lands: serve the Lord with gladness, and come before his presence with a song.
    Be ye sure that the Lord he is God; it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves : we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
    O go your way into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with Praise: be thankful unto him, and speak good of his Name.
    For the Lord is gracious, his mercy is everlasting: and his truth endureth from generation to generation.


Then shall be said the Apostles Creed by the Minister and the People, standing.

I Believe in God the Father Almighty; Maker of heaven and earth; And in, Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord; Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, Born of the Virgin Mary, Suffered under Pontius Pilate, Was crucified, dead, and buried; The third day he rose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, And sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Ghost; The holy Catholick Church; The Communion of Saints; The forgiveness of Sins The resurrection of of the body, And the life everlasting Amen.

And after that, these Prayers following, all devoutly kneeling; the Minister first pronouncing,

    Minister. The Lord be with you.
    Answ. And with thy spirit.
  Minister. Let us pray.
    O Lord, shew thy mercy upon us;
    Answ. And grant us thy salvation
    Minister. O Lord: bless and preserve these United States;
    Answ. And mercifully hear us, when we call upon thee.
    Minister. Endue thy Ministers with righteousness;
    Answ. And make thy people joyful.
    Minster. O God, make clean our hearts within us;
    Answ. And take not thy Holy spirit from us.

A collect for Peace.

O God; who art the author of peace and lover of concord, in knowledge of whom standeth our eternal life, whose service is perfect freedom, Defend us thy humble servants in all assaults of our enemies; that we surely trusting in thy defence; may not fear the power of any adversaries, through the might of Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

A collect for Grace.

O Lord our heavenly Father, Almighty and everlasting God, who hast safely brought us to the beginning of this day; Defend us in the same with thy mighty power, and grant that this day we fall into no sin, neither run into any kind of danger; but that all our doings may, by thy governance be righteous in thy sight through Jesus Christ, our Lord Amen.



The LITANY, or GENERAL SUPPLICATION, to be used at Morning Service, and at other times as the Minister shall think fit.

O God the Father of heaven: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.
    O God the Father of heaven: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.
    O God the Son, Redeemer of the world: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.
    O God the Son, Redeemer of the world: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.
    O God the Holy Ghost, proceeding from the father, and the Son: have mercy us miserable sinners.
    O God the Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father, and the Son: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.
    O holy, blessed and glorious Trinity, three persons, and one God: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.
    O holy, blessed, and glorious Trinity, three persons, and one God: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.
    Remember not, Lord, our offences, nor the offences of our forefathers; neither take thou vengeance of our sins: spare us, good Lord, spare thy people, whom thou hast redeemed with thy most precious blood, and be not angry with us for ever.

Spare us, good Lord.

    From all evil and mischief; from sin, from the crafts and assaults of the devil; from thy wrath, and from everlasting damnation;

Good Lord, deliver us.

    From all blindness of heart; from pride, vain-glory, and hypocrisy; from envy, hatred, and malice, and all uncharitableness;

Good Lord, deliver us.

    From fornication, and all other deadly sin; and from all the deceits of the world, the flesh, and the devil;

Good Lord, deliver us.

    From lightning and tempest; from plague, pestilence, and famine; from battle, and murder, and from sudden death;

Good Lord, deliver us.

    From all sedition, privy conspiracy, and rebellion; from all false doctrine; heresy and schism from hardness of heart, and contempt of thy Word and Commandment;

Good Lord, deliver us.

    By the mystery of thy holy Incarnation; by thy holy Nativity and Circumcision; by thy Baptism, Fasting and Temptation;

Good Lord, deliver us.

    By thine Agony and bloody Sweat; by thy Cross and Passion; by thy precious Death and Burial; by thy glorious Resurrection and Ascension; and by the coming of the holy Ghost;

Good Lord, deliver us.

    In all time of our tribulation; in all time of our wealth; in the hour of death, and in the day of judgment.

Good Lord, deliver us.

    We sinners do beseech thee to hear us, O Lord God, and that it may please thee to rule and govern thy holy Church universal in the right way;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to endue the Congress of these United States, and all others in authority, legislative, judicial and executive, with grace, wisdom and understanding; to execute justice, and to maintain truth;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to illuminate all Bishops, and other Pastors, with true knowledge and understanding of thy Word, and that both by their preaching and living they may set it forth and shew it accordingly;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to bless and keep all thy people;

We beseech, thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to give to all Nations unity, peace, and concord;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to give us an heart to love and dread thee, and diligently to live after thy commandments;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to give to all thy people increase of grace, to hear meekly thy Word, and to receive it with pure affection, and to bring forth the fruits of the Spirit;

We beseech thee to hear us, good lord.

    That it may please thee to bring into the way of truth all such as have erred, and are deceived;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to strengthen such as do stand, and to comfort and help the weak hearted, and to raise up those who fall, and finally to beat down Satan under our feet;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee succour, help, and comfort all who are in danger, necessity, and tribulation;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to preserve all who travel by land or by water, all women in childbirth, all sick persons, and young children, and to shew thy pity upon all prisoners and captives,

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to defend, and provide for, the fatherless children, and widows, and all who are desolate and oppressed

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to have mercy upon all men;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to forgive our enemies, persecutors, and slanderers, and to turn their hearts;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to give and preserve to our use, the kindly fruits, of the earth, so as in due time we may enjoy them;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    That it may please thee to give us true repentance, to forgive us all our sins, negligences, and ignorances, and to endue us with the grace of thy Holy Spirit to amend our lives according to thy holy Word;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

    Son of God: we beseech thee to hear us.

Son of God: we beseech thee to hear us.

    O Lamb of God who takest away the sins of the world;

Grant us thy peace.

    O Christ, hear us.
    O Christ, hear us.
    Lord, have mercy upon us, and deal not with us according to our sins.
    Neither reward us according to our iniquities.


O God, merciful Father, who despisest not the sighing of a contrite heart, nor the desire of such as are sorrowful; Mercifully assist our prayers which we make before thee in all our troubles and adversities whensoever they oppress us; and graciously hear us, that those evils, which the craft and subtilty of the devil or man worketh against us, may, by thy good providence, be brought to nought; that we thy servants, being hurt by no persecutions, may evermore give thanks unto thee in thy holy Church, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

    O Lord, arise, help us, an deliver us for thy Name's sake.

O God, we have heard with our ears, and our fathers have declared unto us, the noble works that thou didst in their days, and in the old time before them.

    O Lord, arise, help us, and deliver us, for thine Honour.

    From our enemies defend us, O Christ.
    Graciously look upon our afflictions.
    Pitifully behold the sorrows of our hearts.
    Mercifully forgive the sins of thy people.
    Favourably with mercy hear our prayers.
    O Son, of David, have mercy upon us.
    Both now and ever vouchsafe to hear us, O Christ.
    Graciously hear us, O Christ; graciously hear us, O Lord Christ.
    O Lord, let thy mercy be shewed upon us.
    As we do put our trust in thee.

WE humbly beseech thee, O Father, mercifully to look upon our infirmities; and for the glory of thy Name, turn from us all those evils that we most justly have deserved; and grant that in all our troubles we may put our whole trust and confidence in thy mercy, and evermore, serve thee in holiness and pureness of living, to thy honour and glory, through our only Mediator and Advocate Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Here endeth the LITANY.

A General Thanksgiving.

ALmighty God, Father of all mercies we thine unworthy servants do give thee most humble and hearty thanks for all thy goodness and loving kindness to us, and to all men: [*particularly to This is to be said when any who have been prayed for, desire to return praise.those, who desire now to offer up their praises and thanksgivings for thy late mercies vouchsafed unto them.] We bless thee for our creation, preservation and all the blessings of this life; but above all, for thine inestimable love in the redemption of the world by our Lord Jesus Christ; for the means of grace, and for the hope of glory. And we beseech thee, give us that due sense of all thy mercies that our hearts may be, unfeignedly thankful, and that we may shew forth thy praise, not only with our lips, but in our lives; by giving up ourselves to thy service, and by walking before thee in holiness and righteousness all our days, through Jesus Christ our Lord; to whom with thee and the Holy Ghost, be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.

A Prayer of St. Chrysostom.

ALmighty God, who hast given us grace at this time with one accord to make our common supplications unto thee; and dost promise, that when two or three are gathered together in thy Name, thou wilt grant their requests; fulfil now, O Lord, the desires and petitions of thy servants, as may be most expedient for them; granting us in this world knowledge of thy truth, and in the world to come life everlasting. Amen.

2 Cor. 13. 14.

THe grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Ghost, be with us all evermore. Amen.

Here endeth the Morning Prayer.

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