|The Book of Common Prayer|
¶ The fyrst day of Lent[, commonly called Ash-Wednesday]*.
Domine ne. Psalm vi.
O LORDE rebuke
me not in thyne indignacion : neyther chasten me in thy displeasure.
everlastyng God, whiche hatest nothyng that thou haste made, and doest
forgeve the sinnes of all them that be penitente; Creat and make in
us newe and contrite heartes, that wee worthely lamentyng oure synnes,
and knowlegyng our wretchednes, maye obtaine of thee, the God of all
mercye, perfect remission and forgevenes; thorough Jesus Christ.
* 1549 only.
The Epistle. Joel ii.
TURNE you unto
me with all your hartes, with fasting, wepyng, and mournyng: rent your
heartes, and not your clothes. Turne you unto the Lorde your god: for
he is gracious and mercyfull, long-sufferyng, and of greate compassion,
and ready to pardon wickednes. Then (no doubt) he also shall turne and
forgeve: and after his chastenyng, he shall let youre increase remaine
for meat and drynke offerynges unto the Lorde your God. Blowe out with
the Trompet in Sion, proclayme a fasting, call the congregacion, and
gather the people together; warne the congregacion, gather the elders,
brynge the children and sucklynges [=infants]
together. Let the brydgrome go furth of his chambre, and the bryde out
of her closet. Let the priestes serve the Lorde betwene the Porche and
the alter, wepyng and saiyng: be favorable, o Lorde, bee favorable unto
thy people: let not thyne heritage be brought to suche confusion, leste
the heathen be lordes thereof: Wherefore shoulde they say among the
Heathen, Where is nowe their God.
The Gospell. Matt. vi.
WHEN ye fast, be not sad as the Hipocrites are, for they dis figure their faces, that it maye appeare unto men how that they fast. Verely I saye unto you, they have their rewarde. But thou, when thou fastest, annointe thine head, and washe thy face, that it appeare not unto menne howe that thou fasteste, but unto thy father whiche is in secrete: and thy father, which seeth in secrete, shal reward thee openly. Laye not uppe for, yourselves treasure upon earth, where the rust and moth doth corrupt, and where theves breake throughe and steale. But Laye up for you treasures in heaven, where neither ruste nor moth dothe corrupte, and where theves doe not breake throughe nor steale. For where your treasure is, there wil your heartes bee also.
¶ The first Sonday in Lent.
Beati, quorum. Psalm xxxii.
BLESSED is he,
whose unrighteousnes is forgeven : and whose sinne is covered.
O LORD, whiche
for oure sake dyddeste faste fortye dayes and fourtie nightes; Geve
us grace to use suche abstinence, that, oure fleshe beyng subdued to
the spirite, wee maye ever obeye thy Godlye mocions in righteousnesse,
and true holinesse, to thy honoure and glorye, whiche lyveste and reigneste,
|"with the Father and the holy Ghost, one God world without end. Amen." added sometime after 1604.|
The Epistle. 2 Cor. vi.
WE, as helpers
exhort you, that ye receive not the grace of God in vayne. For he sayeth,
I have heard thee in a tyme accepted: and in the daye of salvacion have
I succoured thee. Beholde nowe is that accepted time; beholde nowe is
that day of salvacion. Let us geve no occasion of evil, that in our
office be founde no faute, but in all thynges let us behave ourselves
as the ministers of God; In much pacience, in affliccions, in necessities,
in anguyshes, in strypes, in prysonmentes, in strifes: in labours, in
watchynges, in fastinges, in purenes, in knowlege, in long-suiffring,
in kindnes, in the holy goste, in love unfayned, in the woorde of trueth,
in the power of God: by the armoure of righteousnes of the ryghte hand
and on the left; by honoure and dyshonoure; by evill reporte and good
reporte; as deceyvers and yet true; as unknowen and yet knowen; as dying,
and beholde we lyve; as chastened and not killed; as sorowyng and yet
alway mery; as poore and yet make many riche: as having nothyng, and
yet possessyng all thynges.
[2 Cor. 6:1-10]
The Gospell. Matt. iv.
THEN was Jesus
led awaye of the spirite into wyldernesse, to be tempted of the devyll.
And when he had fasted fourty dayes and fourty nightes he was at the
last an hungred. And when the tempter came to hym, he sayed: Yf thou
be the soonne of God, commaunde that these stones be made bread. But
he aunswered and sayed: it is wrytten, man shall not lyve by bread only,
but by every worde that procedeth out of the mouthe of God.
¶ The seconde Sonday [in Lent]*.
De profundis. Psalm. cxxx.
OUT of the depe
have I called unto thee, O Lord : Lorde, heare my voyce.
whiche doest see that we have no power of oureselves to helpe ourselves;
kepe thou us both outwardly in oure bodies, and inwardly in oure soules;
that we maye be defended from all adversities whiche maye happen to
the body, and from all evel thoughtes which maye assault and hurte the
soule; through Jesus Christ &c.
* added late 1500's
The Epistle. 1 Thess. iv.
beseche you brethren, and exhorte you by the lorde Jesus, that ye increase
more and more, even as ye have receiyved of us, howe ye oughte to walke
and to please God. For ye knowe what commaundementes we gave you by
our lorde Jesu Christ. For this is the wyll of God, even youre holynes,
that ye should abstayne from fomicacion, and that every one of you should
knowe howe to kepe his vessel in holines and honoure, and not in the
luste of concupiscence, as do the Heathen, whiche knowe not God; that
no man oppresse and defraude his brother in bergaining; because that
the lorde is the avenger of all suche thynges, as we tolde you before
and testified. For God hath not called us unto unclennesse, but unto
holines. He therfore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, whiche
hathe sente his holye spirite among you.
[1 Thess. 4:1-8]
The Gospell. Matt. xv.
JESUS went thence, and departed into the coastes of Tyre and Sidon: and behold, a woman of Canaan (whiche came out of the same coastes) cried unto hym, saying: have mercye on me, O Lorde, thou sonne of David; My daughter is pyteously vexed with a devell. But he aunswered her nothing at all. And his disciples came and besought hym, saying; sende her awaye, for she cryeth after us. But he aunswered and saied; I am not sent, but to the lost shepe of the house of Israell. Then came she and worshipped hym, saying; Lorde, helpe me. He aunswered and saied: it is not mete to take the childrens bread, and cast it to dogges. She aunswered and saied: trueth Lorde, for the dogges eate of the crummes whiche fall from their maisters table. Then Jesus aunswered and sayed unto her: O woman, great is thy faith, be it unto thee, even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole even at the same tyme.
¶ The iii. Sonday [in Lent]*.
Judica me, Deus. Psalm xliii.
with me, (O God,) and defende my cause against the ungodly people :
Oh delyver me from the deceytfull and wicked man.
WE beseche thee,
almighty God, looke upon the hartye desires of thy humble servauntes,
and stretche foorth the right hande of thy majestie, to bee oure defence
against all oure enemies; through Jesus Christe oure Lorde.
* added late 1500's
The Epistle. Ephes. v.
BE you the folowers
of God as dere children and walke in love, even as Christe loved us,
and gave himselfe for us an offing and a sacrifyce of a swete savour
to god. As for fomicacion, and all unclennes or covetousnes, let it
not be once named among you, as it becommeth sainctes; or fylthynes,
or folishe talking, or jesting, whiche are not comely, but rather geving
of thankes. For this ye knowe, that no whoremonger, either uncleane
person, or covetous person, (which is a worshipper of ymages,) hathe
anye inheritaunce in the kingdome of Christ and of God. Let no man deceve
you with vaine wordes. For because of suche thynges, commeth the wrath
of God upon the chyldren of disobedience. Be not ye therfore companions
of them. Ye were sometime darckenes, but nowe are ye light in the lorde:
walke as children of light, for the fruite of the spirite consisteth
in all goodness, and righteousnesse, and truthe. Accepte that whiche
is pleasyng unto the Lorde, and have no felowship with the unfruitful
workes of darcknes, but rather rebuke them. For it is a shame even to
name those thynges, whiche are done of them in secrete: but all thinges
when they are brought forth by the light are manifest. For whatsoever
is manifest, the same is lyght: wherfore he sayeth, awake, thou that
slepest, and stande up from death; and Christ shall geve thee light.
The Gospell. Luke xi.
JESUS was casting out a devel that was domme [dumb]. And when he had cast the devel, the domme spake, and the people wondered. But some of them saied, He casteth out devils through Belzebub, the chiefe of the devels. And other tempted him, and required of him a signe from heaven. But he knowyng their thoughtes, sayed unto them; Every kyngdome devided against itselfe, is desolate; and one house doth fall upon another. If Sathan also be devided againste hymselfe, howe shall his kyngdome endure? Because ye saye that I cast out devels through Beizebub: If I by the helpe of Beizebub caste oute devels, by whose helpe do your chyldren caste them oute? Therfore shall they be youre judges. But if I with the fynger of God caste out devels, no doubt the kingdome of God is come upon you. When a strong man armed watcheth his house; the thinges that he possesseth are in peace. But when a stronger than he commeth upon hym, he taketh from hym all his harnes [harness] (wherin he trusted) and devideth his goodes. He that is not with me, is against me. And he that gathereth not with me scattereth abrode. When the uncleane spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through drye places, sekyng rest. And when he fyndeth none, he sayeth: I will returne agayne into my house whence I came out. And when he commeth, he fyndeth it swepte and garnisshed. Then goeth he and taketh to hym vii. other spirites worse then him selfe; and they entre in and dwell there. And the ende of that man is worse than the beginning. And it fortuned that as he spake these thinges, a certaine woman of the company lifte up her voice, and saied unto hym: happy is the wombe that bare thee, and the pappes which gave thee sucke. But he sayd: yea, happy are they that heare the woorde of God and kepe it.
¶ The iiii Sonday [in Lent]*.
Deus noster refugium. Psalm xlvi.
GOD is oure hope
and strength : a very presente helpe in trouble.
GRAUNTE, we beseche
thee, almyghtye God, that we, whiche for oure evill dedes are worthely
punyshed, by the comforte of thy grace may mercyfully be releved; through
our Lorde Jesus Christe.
* added late 1500's
The Epistle. Gal. iv.
TELL me, (ye that
desyre to be under the lawe) doe ye not heare of the lawe? For it is
written that Abraham had ii. sonnes, the one by a bondemayde, the other
by a fre-woman. Yea, and he which was borne of the bond-woman, was borne
after the fleshe; but he whiche was borne of the fre-woman, was borne
by promes [promise]:
Whiche thinges are spoken by an allegory. For these are two testamentes,
the one from the mount Sina [Sinai],
whiche gendreth [=generates,
bears] unto bondage, whiche is Agar [Hagar]:
For Mount Sina is Agar in Arabia, and bordreth upon the citie, which
is nowe called Jerusalem, and is in bondage with her children. But Jerusalem,
whiche is above, is free, whiche is the mother of us al. For it is wrytten,
rejoyce thou barren that bearest no children; breake forthe and crye,
thou that travaylest not. For the desolate hath many moe [more]
children than she whiche hath an husbande. Brethren, we are after Isaac
the chyldren of promes. But as then, he that was borne after the fleshe
persecuted hym that was borne after the spirite; Even so is it nowe.
Neverthelesse, what sayeth the scripture? put away the bonde-woman and
her sonne. For the sonne of the bonde-woman shall not bee heire with
the some of the fre-woman: So then brethren, we are not children of
the bonde-woman, but of the fre-woman.
The Gospell. John vi.
over the sea of Galile, which is the sea of Tiberias, and a great multitude
folowed him, because thei sawe his miracles whiche he dyd on them that
were diseased. And Jesus went up into a mountayne, and there he sate
with his disciples. And Easter [=Passover],
a feaste of the Jewes, was nye. When Jesus then lift up his iyes, and
sawe a great company come unto him, he sayeth unto Philip; whence shall
we bye bread that these may eate? Thys he sayd to prove him; for he
himselfe knewe what he woulde dooe. Philip aunswered him; two hundreth
peniwoorthe of bread are not sufficient for them, that every manne may
take a little. One of his disciples (Andrew, Simon Peters brother) saith
unto him; There is a lad here which bath fyve barley-loaves, and twoo
fyshes: but what are they among so many? And Jesus sayde: make the people
sit downe. There was muche grasse in the place: so the men sate downe,
in number about five thousand. And Jesus toke the bread, and when he
had geven thankes, he gave to the Discyples, and the Discyples to them
that were set downe: and lykewyse of the fyshes as muche as they woulde.
When they had eaten inough, he sayde unto his Discyples; gather up the
broken meate whiche remayneth, that nothing be lost. And they gathered
it together and filled xii. baskets with the broken meate of the five
barley loaves; which broken meate remayned unto them that had eaten.
Then those men (when they had seene the miracle that Jesus did) sayde:
this is of a trueth the same prophete that shoulde come into the worlde.
¶ The v. Sonday [in Lent]*.
Deus, in nomine tuo. Psalm liv.
SAVE me (O god)
for thy name's sake : and avenge me in thy strength.
WE beseche thee,
almyghtie God, mercifullye to looke upon thy people; that by thy greate
goodnesse they may be governed and preserved evermore, both in body
and soule; through Jesus Christe our Lorde.
* added late 1500's
The Epistle. Heb. ix.
an high prieste of good thynges to come, came by a greater and a more
perfecte tabernacle, not made with handes, that is to saye, not of this
building; neither by the bloud of goates and calves, but by his owne
bloud he entred in once into the holy place, and founde eternall redempcion.
For if the bloude of oxen and of goates, and the ashes of a younge kowe,
when it was sprynkled, purifyeth the uncleane as touching the purifying
of the fleshe: howe muche more shal the bloud of Christ (which through
the eternal spirite offred himselfe without spot to God) pourge your
conscience from dead workes for to serve the living god? And for this
cause is he the mediatour of the new testamente; that through deathe
whiche chaunsed [chanced, =happened] for the redempcion
of those transgressyons that were under the firste testamente, they
whiche are called, might receyve the promes of eternall inheritaunce
The Gospell. John viii.
WHICHE of you can rebuke me of sinne? If I saye the truthe, why doe ye not beleve me? He that is of God, heareth Goddes wordes; ye therefore heare them not, because ye are not of God. Then answered the Jewes, and sayd unto him; saye we not wel, that thou art a Samaritan, and haste [hast] the devil? Jesus answered; I have not the devill, but I honor my father, and ye have dishonored me. I seke not myne owne prayse; there is one that seketh and judgeth. Verely, verely, I saye unto you; if a manne kepe my saiyng, he shall never see death. Then sayd the Jewes unto hym, nowe knowe we that thou hast the devil. Abraham is dead, and the Prophetes, and thou sayeste: If a man kepe my saiyng, he shall never taste of deathe. Art thou greater then our father Abraham, whiche is deade, (And the Prophetes are dead:) whome makeste thou thyselfe? Jesus aunswered: if I honor myselfe, myne honor is nothyng. It is my father that honoreth me, which ye say is your god: and yet ye have not knowen hym; but I knowe hym. And if I saye I knowe hym not, I shalbe a lyer lyke unto you. But I knowe him, and kepe his saiyng. Your father Abraham was glad to see my daye: and he sawe it, and rejoysed. Then said the Jewes unto him, Thou art not yet 1.  yere olde, and haste thou seen Abraham? Jesus sayde unto them: Verely, verely, I saye unto you; yer [ere] Abraham was borne, I am. Then tooke they up stones to caste at hym: but Jesus hyd hymselfe, and went out of the temple.
¶ The Sonday next before Easter.
Exaudi, Deus deprecationem. Psalm lxi.
HEARE my criynge,
O God : geve eare unto my prayer.
everlastynge God, whiche of thy tender love towarde man, haste sente
our savior Jesus Christ, to take upon him oure fleshe, and to suffre
death upon the crosse, that all mankynde shoulde folowe the example
of his greate humilitie; mercifully graunte that we both folowe the
example of his pacience, and be made partakers of his resurreccion;
thoroughe the same Jesus Christ our lorde.
The Epistle. Philipp. ii.
LET the same mynde
bee in you, that was also in Christ Jesu: which when he was in the shape
of God, thought it no robbery to be equal wyth God; neverthelesse he
made himselfe of no reputacion, takyng on him the shape of a servaunte,
and beecame like unto men, and was founde in his apparel as a man. He
humbled himselfe and became obediente to the death, even the death of
the crosse. Wherefore, God hath also exalted him on high, and geven
him a name whiche is above all names; that in the name of Jesus every
knee shoulde bowe, bothe of thinges in heaven, and thynges in yearth,
and thinges under the yearch; and that all tongues shoulde confesse
that Jesus Christe is the lorde, unto the prayse of God the father.
The Gospell. Matt. xxvi. xxvii.
AND it came to
passe, when Jesus had finished all these sayinges, he sayd unto his
disciples: ye knowe that after two dayes shalbe Easter [=Passover], and the sonne of man shalbe
delyvered over to be crucified. Then assembled together the chiefe Priestes,
and the Scribes, and the Elders of the people unto the palace of the
high priest, (which was called Cayphas,) and helde a counsayl that they
might take Jesus by subteltie, and kill him. But they sayd: not on the
holy daye, leste there be an uproare among the people.
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