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    Scottish Liturgies of the Reign of James VI



Booke of Common Prayer


Administration of the Sacraments



Church of Scotland






The short notes printed at the foot of the following pages bear only upon the text, date, and authorship of the Liturgy: others are reserved for the end.

G. W. S.

The Table and Kalender


The order for reading of the Psalmes

THE booke of psalmes shall be reade through once everie moneth; and because some moneths be longer than others, to make them even there shalbe ap­poynted to everie month threttie dayes. And because Januar and March have but one day more, and febuar which is placed betwixt them hath onlie XXVIII dayes, there shalbe takin from each of the saide moneths of Januar and March one day: And so the psalmes to be reade in februarie must beginne the last day of Januar and end the first of March.
    And whereas Maij, July, August, October, and De­cember have each of them XXXI dayes, the samyn psalmes shalbe reade the last day of the saide moneths which were reade the day before: So as the booke of psalmes may begin againe the first day of the next moneth ensuing.



[               ]1

2. IX. X. XI.
4. XIX. XX. XXI.
10. L. LI. LII.
18. XC. XCI. XCII.
20. CII. CIII.
21. CV.
22. CVII.
25. Inde v. oct.
26. Inde v. oct.
CXXIII. 124, 125.
28. CXXXII. CXXXIII. 134, 135·

CXIX. inde iiii. oct.
Inde iiii. oct.
Inde iiii. oct.
CXXVI. CXXVII. 128, 129, 130, 131.


The order for Reading the rest of Holie Scripture.

IT is appointed that the old testament shalbe reade through everie yeare once, except certaine bookes and chapturs, which making lesse for edifica­tion are lest to the privat reading of families.
    The new testament is appoynted to be reade orderlie over thrice everie yeare, except the Apocalypse, out of which there be only certaine chaptours appoynted to be reade.
To know what chaptours of the old and new testament shalbe reade everie day at morning and evening prayer, ye shall looke upone the day of the moneth in the Calender prefixed, and there ye shall find the same.

1 A line cut off in the binding, such as Psalms to be read.
Note that the original manuscript used had been trimmed with occasional loss of text. The author notes these losses as "cut off".

    And whereas our church hath ordained certaine dayes2 to be keept for commemoration of some speciall benefits, the psalmes and lessones appoynted in the Calender must be omitted for these times, and the other proper scripture appoynted to be reade on them, is to be used.

The Tables of Daily Readings are omitted here.


2 These days were appointed to be kept by the General Assembly of Perth in 1618.


The 25 of December for commemoration is the nativitie of our Lord.


Esay. 9: Luke 2.
Psal. 19, 45, 85.


Esay. 7: Titus 3.
Psal. 89: 110: 132.

Friday before Easter for the memorie of our Lordes passion.


Gen. 22 Luke 23.
Psal : 22 : 51.


Esay 53 : Heb. 10.
Psal. 25, 26, 27.

Easter day for memorie is the Lord's resurrection.


Zachar. 9. Joh. 20.
Psal. 2, 57: 3.


Exod. 13. Coll. 3.
Psal.113, 114, 118.

The day of our Lord's Ascension.


Deuter. 10. Act 1.
Psal. 8, 15, 21.


2 King: 2 Mark 16.
Psal. 24: 48 : 108.

Whitsonday in memorie is the descending of the holy Ghost.


Act : 2.
Psal. 45, 68.


John: 14.
Psal. I04, 145.



3 Cut off. Proper Lessons and Psalmes to be.


Morning and Evening [Prayer]4


At the beginning both of Morning and Evening Prayer, the minister shall reade with a loud voice some one of these sentences of Scripture that follow, and then shall say that which is written after the saide sentences.


4 Cut off.

AT what tyme so ever a synner doth repent him of his synne from the bottome of his heart, I will put all his wickednesse out of my remembrance; sayeth the Lord.5


5 Sic

The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit, a broken and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise, Psal. 51.
Enter not into judgement with thy servande, O Lord, for in thy sight shall no living man be justified, Psal. 143.

He that hideth his synnes shall not prosper, but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercie.

DEARLIE beloved brethren, the Scripture moveth us in sindrie places to acknowledge and confesse our manifold synnes and wickednesse, and that we should not dissemble nor cloake them before the face of Almightie God our heavenly father, but con sesse them with ane humble lowlie6 and obedient heart, to the end that we may obtaine forgivenesse of the same by his infinit goodnesse and mercie. And although we ought at all tymes humbly to acknow­ledge our synnes before God, yet ought we most chieflie so to do when we assemble and meete together to render thanks for the great benefits that we have received at his hands to set furth [his most worthie praise, to hear his most holy word and to aske]7 those things that be requisit and necessarie alsweill for the body as the soule; wherefore I pray and beseech you als many as be heere present to accompany me with a pure heart and humble voice unto the throne of the heavenlie grace, saying after me,

Prov. 28.



6 penitent (sic)


7 Cut off.



A generall confession to be said of the whole Congregation after the Minister kneelling.

ALMIGHTIE and most mercifull father, we have erred and strayed from thy wayes like lost sheepe, we have followed too much the devises and desires of our owne hearts, we have offended against thy holy lawes, we have left undone that which we ought to have done, and we have done those things which we ought not to have done, and there is no health in us: but thou, O Lord, have mercye upon us miserable offenders; spare thou them, O God, which confesse their faults; restore thou them that be penitent, according to thy promises declared unto mankynde in Christ Jesus our Lord, and grant, O most mercifull father for his sake, that we may heerafter live a godlie righteous and sober life to the glorie of thy holy name. Amen.


declaration of the8
The absolution or remission of synnes, to be pronounced by the Minister alone.

ALMIGHTIE God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which desireth not the death of a synner, but rather that he may turne from his wickednesse and live, and hath given power and commandement to his ministers to declare and pronunce to his people being penitent the absolution and remission of their synnes, he pardoneth and absolveth all them which truelie repent, and unfaynedly believe his holy gos­pell; wherefore we beseech him to grant us true repentance and his holy spirit, that those things may please him which we doe at this present, and that the rest of our lyfe heirefter may be pure and holy, so that at the last we may come to his eternall joy through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Then shall he say the Lord's prayer.

OUR father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name; thy kingdome come; thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven; Give us this day our daylie bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive them that trespasse against us; and leade us not into temptation, but delyver us from evill; for thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glorie for ever, Amen.

Then shall be saide or sung this psalme following.

8 “Declaration of the” is in a different hand.

O COME let us sing unto the Lord; let us mack a joyfull noyse to the rock of our salvatioun.
    2. Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving, and make a joyfull noise to him with psalmes.
    3. For the Lord is a great Cod, and a great King above all Gods.
    4. In his hand are the deepe places of the earth, the strength of the hills is his also.
    5. The sea is his and he made it, and his hands formed the dry land.
    6. O come let us worship and bow doune, let us kneele before the Lord our Macker.
    7. For he is our God, and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheepe of his hand; to day if ye will heare his voice,

Psal. 95.

    [8. Harden not your heart as in the]9 provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wildernesse,
    9· When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works sourtie yeare long was I grieved with this generation and said,
    10. It is a people that doe erre in their heart and they have not known my wayes,
    11. Unto whom I sware in my wraith, that they should not enter into my rest.

9 Cut off.

Then shall he reade the psalmes appoynted for the morning of that day. At the end whereof he shall say

    Glorie be to the Father, and to the Sonne, and to the Holy Ghost, as it was in the beginning, is now, and shalbe, world without end.

After this he shall reade two chaptors, the first of the old testament, the secund of the new, as is appoynted in the table, and after eache chaptor a part of a psalme is to be sung, x10 Befoir everie chap tor he shall say, the first, second chapter, and so furth of such and such a booke; and at the end of everie chaptor, heer ends such a chapter of such a booke.

10 The mark x and the letter a in the margin perhaps refers to the fact that the Psalms to be sung are not indicated.

Then shall the Creede or beliefe be said, the Minister or Reader and people standing,

I BELEEVE in God the Father Almightie, maker of heaven and earth, And in Jesus Christ his only sonne our Lord, who was conceived by the holy Ghost, borne of the Virgine Marie; suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dyed, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose againe from death; he ascended into heaven; and sitteth at the right hand of God the father Almightie; from thence shall he come to judge the quick and the dead; I beleeve in the holy Ghost; the holy Church universall; the comunion of Sanctis, the forgivenesse of synnes ; the rysing againe of the body; and life everlasting, Amen.

We hold it necessary yt upon the Sundayes ye ten comrnandements of ye law be distinctly read by ye minr11
After this, these prayers following shalbe reade, the whole congregationne devoutlie kneeling.

ALMIGHTIE God unto whom all heartes be open, all desires knowne, and from whom no secrets are hid, cleanse the thoughts of our hearts, by the in­spiration of thy holy Spirit, that we may perfitelie love the, and worthily magnifye thy holy name through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

O ETERNALL and most mercifull God who hath kept us from the fears and dangers of this night, and hath brought us safelie to the beginning of this day, defend us in the same with thy mightie power; And grant that this day we fall into no synne, neither runne into any kynde of danger, But that all our doings may be ordered by thy governance to doe alwayes that which is righteous in thy sight, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

11 The interlineation is by the same hand as that which elsewhere has made corrections. The reading of the law is provided for farther on in the Sunday service, where the same words are used as here, "We hold it necessary," etc.


O LORD our heavenly father, high and mightie, King of Kings, Lord of Lords, the only ruler of princes, who doeth from thy throne behold all the dwellars upon earth, most heartily we beseech the with [thy favour to behold our most gracious]12 sovereigne Lord King Charles.13 and so replenish him with the grace of thy holy Spirit, that he may alwayes inclyne to thy will, and walk in thy wayes; endue him plenti­fully with heavenly gifts, grant him in health and wealth long to live, strengthen him that he may vanquish and overcome all his enemies, And finally after this lyfe he may attaine everlasting joy and felicitie, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.


12 Cut off.
13 The name of the reigning sovereign must have been substituted for that of his father in the original draft.


WE beseech the likewise, O God, who has promised to be a father of thine elect and of their seed, to blesse with thy mercies the prince Elector Palatine, His ladye and their noble progenie; Enrich them with ­thy grace, preserve them by thy power, leade them safe out of all their troubles, and bring them in end to thine everlasting kingdome, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.15

14 This prayer must have been written before the Queen had any children, and was in all likelihood added in 1629, when the Liturgy was sent to London.


BE pleased also, most mercifull father, to looke with pitie and compassion upon thy whole church militant on earth, and all the members thereof, Re­duceing such as be ignorant from the miserable captivitie of blindnesse and errour wherein they are kept to ye pure understanding and knowledge of thy trueth; confirming them that are already called to the prosession of the same, and perfiteing the worke of thy grace in everie one in whom the samyn is begunne: To this effect increase, we beseech the, the number of labourers in thy harvest, And grant that these whom thou hast placed Bishops and Ministers in thy Church may both in there life and doctrine be sound faithfull, setting only before their eyes thy glorie, that so by their travels all thy poore sheepe which wander and go astray may be gathered and brought home to thy fold; Raise them up, O God, that are fallin from the, strengthen and encourage such as are weake, Give health to those that are in sicknesse, reliefe to such as are ony wayes distressed, patience and constancie to them that are persecuted for the testimonie of thy trueth, safetie to them that are in dangers by sea or travelling other wise in their [            ]16 in sorrow, especiallie to such as are troubled in conscience for their sinnes; finally, thou that art the God of grace and knowest what is most needfull for everie one, and hast abundance to supplie the necessity of all, vouchsafe unto all thy saints wheresoever, these graces and gifts which thou knowes to be most expedient for them, for his sake who is the Mediator of grace Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

15 The mark of erasure across the prayer for the Elector was probably made in England. It was objected to Laud, “that political motives had caused him to omit the names of the Prince Elector Palatine and the Lady Elizabeth his wife after 1632” in the English Prayer Book.—Proctor on the Book of Com. Prayer, p. 242.


16 Cut off.




Or this,

ALMIGHTIE and ever-living God, who by thy holy Apostle hast taught us to make our prayers and supplications, and to give thanks for all men; wee humbly beseech thee most mercifully to receive these our prayers which we offer unto thy divyne Majestie ; Beseeching the to inspire continually thy universall church with the spirit of truth, unitie, and concord; And grant that all they who doe confesse thy holy name may agree in the truth of thy holy word, and live in unitie and godly love. We beseech thee also to save and defend all Christian Kings, Princes, and Governours, And specially thy servand Charles our King, that under him we may be godlie and quyetlie governed, and grant unto his whole counsell, and to all that be put in authoritie under him, that they may truely and indifferently minister justice, to the punish­ment of wickednesse and vice, and to the maintenance of true religion and vertue; Give grace, O heavenly father, to all Bishops, pastors, and ministers that they may both by their life and doctrine set furth thy true and lively word and rightly and duely administer thy holy sacraments; And to all thy people give thy heavenly grace, and specially to this congregation here present that with meeke hearte and due reverence they may heare and receave thy holy word, truely serving thee in righteousness and holynes all the days of their life; And we most humblie beseech the of thy good­nesse, O Lord, to comfort and succour all them which in this transitory life be in trouble, sorrow, neid, sicknesse, or ony other adversitie; Grant this, O father, for Jesus Christs sake our only mediator and advocat. Amen.

THE grace of our Lord Jesus  Christ, and the love of God, with the fellowship of the holy Ghost be with us all evermore. Amen.



Evening Prayer


The Minister or Reader shall say

COME let us worship and fall doune before the, Lord our maker, let us try our wayes, confesse and forsake our sinnes, and list up our hearts and hands to God in the heavens, saying


O LORD God, father everlasting and full of pittie, we acknowledge and confesse that we be not worthy to lift up our eyes to heaven, much lesse to present ourselves before thy majestie with confidence, that thou wilt heare our prayers, and grant our requests is we consider our own deservings; for our consciences doe accuse us, and our sinnes witnesse against us, and we know that thou art ane upright judge, who doeth not justifie sinners and wicked men, but punisheth the faults of all suche as transgresse thy commandements; yit, most mercifull father, sith it hath pleased thee to command us to call upon thee in all our[ troubles and adversities, promising even then to help us]16 when we feele our selves as it were swallowed up of death and desperation; we utterly renunce all worldlie confidence and flye to thy soveraigne bountie as to our only stay and refuge. Beseeching thee not to call to remembrance our manifold synnes and wickednesse whereby wee continually provock thy wraith and indignation against us; neither our negli­gence and unkindnesse who have neither worthily esteemed, nor in our lives sufficiently expressed the sweete comfort of thy Gospell revealed unto us; but rather to accept the obedience and death of thy sonne Jesus Christ who by offering up his bodie in sacrfice once for all hath made a sufficient recompense for all our sinnes; Have mercie therefore upon us, O lord, and forgive us our offences; Teach us by thy holy spirit that wee may rightlie weigh them, and earnestly repent us of the same; And so much the rather, o lord, because that the reprobate and such as thou hast forsaken cannot praise thee nor call upon thy name, but the repenting hert, the sorrowfull mynde, the conscience oppressed, hungring and thirsting for thy grace, shall ever set furth thy praise and glory; And albeit we be but wormes and dust, yet thou art our Creator and we be the worke of thine hands, yea thou art our father, and we thy children, thou art our shepheard and we thy flock, thou art our redeemer and wee thy people whom thou hes bought, thou art ourGod and wee thine inheritance; Correct us not there­fore in thine anger, O Lord, neither according to our deservings punish us, but mercifullie chastise us with a fatherly affection, that all the world may know that at what tyme soever a sinner doeth repent him of his synne frome the bottome of his heart, thou wilt put away his wickednesse out of thy remembrance, as thou hast promised by thy holy prophet, and sealed up the same to us by the blood of Jesus , in whose name &c.





  Ps. 50.

16 Cut off.
Psal. 18.


Psal. 79.



Heb. 10.

Psal. 19.


Psal. 58.

Psal. 5.

Psal. 107.

Psal. 22.

2 Cor. 6.
Jer. 10.

Ps. 6.

Ezech. 1[8.

Then shall he reade the Psalmes appoynted for the evening prayer of that day, concluding the same with Glorie be to the father, &c.

Afterwards the chaptors of the old and new Testaments set doune in the Table shalbe reade, And after ye first chaptour the song called (Magnificat) and after the second, the song of Simeon called (Nunc dimittis) is to be sung.

And the Beliefe rehearsed, I believe in God, &c. he shall desire the congregation to pray.

O GOD, from whom all holy desires, all good counsales and all just workes doe proceede, give unto thy servands that peace which the world cannot give, that both our hearts may be set to obey thy commandements, and also that by the wee being desended from the feare of our enemies may passe our tyme in rest and quietnesse through the merits of Christ Jesus our Saviour Amen.17 And forasmuch as thou hast appoynted the night for rest as the day for labour, Lighten our darknesse we beseeche the, O Lord, and by thy great mercie defend us from all perrills and dangers of this night; Sanctifie the rest of the same unto us, that we by it may be made fitter for the labour of the next day; | And so both night and day being spent according to thy will, we may be prepared for that great day of thine which hath no night succeeding. |18 Grant this, O Lord, for the love of thy only sonne our Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen.

17 In the MS. the Amen is erased, and the line that follows is written by a different hand. It is taken from Calvin's Evening Prayer.

18 These marks in the MS. are probably meant to show that the sentence should be omitted.

After these petitions, let the prayer for the Kings Matie be read, as in the Morning Prayer, and the rest of the prayers that follow unto the end.

Thus endeth the morning and evening prayers throughout the whole yeare.

It is alwayes to be understoode, that albeit two psalmes be only named to be sung at ye morning and evening prayer, the Minister or Reader may change the same with other psalmes, as he sall find occasion.

As lykewise the confessions and prayers formerly used in our church and afterwards subjoyned19 may upon occasions be read, so as the order prescribed be not neglected.

19 In the service for Sundays. The words “formerly used” were meant to apply after this Liturgy should be authorised.

In the commemoration of the Nativitie, passion, resurrection, and ascension of our Saviour, as also of the descending of the holy Ghost; let these prayers be used after the ordinary are read, and before the blessing.


ALMIGHTIE God, who hath given us thy only begotten sonne to tack our nature upon him and to be borne of the blessed Virgine Marie; Grant that we being regenerat, and made thy children by adoption and grace may dailie be renued by thy holy Spirit through the same our Lord Jesus Christ who liveth and reigneth with the and with the holy Ghost world without end. Amen.

On the day that our Saviours passion is remembered, let this prayer be read.

    Leave roome for it. 20

20 In a different hand.

ALMIGHTIE and most mercifull God who of thy great and unspeakable love to mankinde didst give thy sonne and our Saviour Jesus Christ to suffer the most bitter and ignominious death of the crosse for us, most humbly we beseech thee to accept his death for a satisfaction and recompence for all our sinnes; And grant that wee may heerby learne to hate and forsake all iniquitie, and carefully give ourselves from this tyme forward to the practise of true holi­nesse, following him who is left us for ane example in humilitie, patience, and all the other vertues, that so at length we may be made partakers of those everlasting joyes which are purchased to us by his deathe and bloody passion: And for as muche as thou hast said in thy word, that thou willest not the death of a sinner, bot rather that he should be converted and live, we humbly entreat thy matie even for thy sonnes sake to have mercie upon all Jewis, Turks, heretiques and other infidels, and take from them all ignorance, hard­nesse of heart, wilfull contempt of thy word, and so fetch them home to thy flock, that they may be saved amongst the remnant of thy true Israelites, and be made one sold under one sheepheard Jesus Christ our Lord who liveth with the and wt the holy Ghoil world without end. Amen.

On the day of the resurrection let this be said after the ordinary prayers.


ALMIGHTY God who hath given thy sonne to die for our smnes and rise againe for our righteous­nes, Give us we beseech [            ]21 always to remember this thy most inestimable mercie, and daylie to endeavour our selves to follow the example of thy blissed sonne, his most holy life, fleeing the things which be contrarie to thy will, and doing those things which be agreeable to the samyn through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

On the day of Ascension let this prayer after the ordinary be used.


21 Cut off.

ALMIGHTIE God who hail exalted thy only sonne Jesus Christ, and hast given him a name above all names in heaven and earth and under the earth, vouchsafe wee beseech thee the continuance of thy favour, and never leave us till by thy mercie we be exalted unto the same place whither he is gone before us; And in the meane while Jesus Christ to have ascended unto ye heavens Grant that we who beleeve may also ascend thither both in heart and mynde, and so our dwelling that we may be continually dwell22 with him who liveth and reigneth with thee and the holy Spirit now and evir. Amen.

22 The words interlined are in a different hand, the emendation making the prayer more like the English Collect.

On Whitsonday let this be said after the ordinary prayers.

EVERLASTING God which as upon this day didst send thy holy Ghost to illuminate the hearts of thy Apostles and servands, Grant we beseech thee that by the light of the same Spirit we may be guided in thy trueth, having right judgement in all things, and rejoysing evermore in his holy comfort through the mercie of Christ Jesus our Saviour, who liveth and reigneth with thee in the unitie of the same Spirit, one God, world without end. Amen.



Because the people are used to meete more frequently on those dayes, we hold it necessarie, that besydes the ordinary Scrip­turs which are reade, the ten commandements of the law be distinctly read by the Minister immediatlie after the beliefe is said, And that the people be brought so farre as may be clone to this custome, that after everie commandement they ask mercie of God for their transgression of the same, in this manner:—

    God spake these words and said, I am the Lord thy God; thou shalt have none other gods but me.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and inclyne our hearts to keepe this law.
    Thou shalt not mack to thy selfe any graven image, nor the likenesse of any thing that is in heaven above or in the earth beneath, or in the water under the earth, thou shalt not bow doune to them nor worship them, for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, and visits the sinnes of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate mee, and shewis mercie unto thousands of them that love mee and keep my commandements.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and inclyne our hearts to keepe this law.
    Thou shalt not tack the name of the Lord thy God in vaine, for the Lord will not hold him guiltlesse that taketh his name in vaine.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and incline our hearts to keepe this law.
    Remember that thou keepe holy the Sabbath day, sixe dayes shalt thou labour and doe all that thou hast to doe, but the seaventh is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God, in it thou shalt doe no maner of worke thou nor thy sonne, nor thy daughter, thy manservand nor thy mayd servand, thy cattell, nor the stranger that is within thy gates; for in sixe dayes the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seaventh day and hallowed it.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and inclyne our hearts to keepe this law.
    Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy dayes may be long in the land which the Lord thy God hath given thee.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and inclyne our hearts to keepe this law.
    Thou shalt doe na murther.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and inclyne our hearts to keepe this law.
    Thou shalt not commit adulterie.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and inclyne our hearts to keepe this law.
    Thou shalt not steale.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and inclyne our hearts to keepe this law.
    Thou shalt not beare false witnesse against thy neighbour.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and inclyne our hearts to keepe this law.
    Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his servand, nor his mayde, nor his oxe nor his asse, nor any thing that is thy neighbours.
    Lord have mercie upon us, and write all these thy lawes in our hearts wee beseech thee.

Sunday Service

[               ]23 also that in place of the first confession appoynted to be reade on uther dayes, one of these confessions following, wherewith the people is accustomed, to be used.

O ETERNALL God, and most mercifull father, we confesse and acknowledge heere before thy divine majestie that we are miserable sinners, conceaved and borne in sinne and iniquitie, so that in us by nature there is no goodnesse, for the flesh evermore rebelleth against the spirit whereby wee continually transgresse thy holy precepts and commandements, and so doe purchase to ourselves through thy just judgement death and damnation: Notwithstanding, o heavenly father, forasmuch as thou hast givin us grace to be displeased wt ourselves for the sinnes that wee have comitted against thee and doe unfaynedly repent us of the samyn, we most humbly beseech thee for Jesus Christ thy sonnes sake, to shew thy mercie upon us, to forgive us all our sinnes, and to increase thy holy Spirit in us, that we acknowledging from the bottom of our hearts our owne unrighteousnesse, may from hencefoorth not only mortify our sinfull lustes and affecsions, but also bring furth such fruits as may be agreeable to thy most blessed will: not for the worthi­nesse of our workes, but for the merits of thy dearlie beloved sonne Jesus Christ our only saviour, whom thou hast alreadie givin ane oblation and offering for our sinnes, and for whose sake we are certainly persuaded that thou wilt deny us nothing that we shall aske in his name according to thy will, for thy holy Spirit doeth assure our consciences that thou art our mercifull father, and so lovest us thy children through him, that nothing is able to remove thy heavenly grace and favour from us; To thee therefore, O father, with the sonne and the holy Ghost be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.

23 Cut off. The loss of these words makes it doubtful whether the exclusive use of the old prayers was required on Sundays or not.

24 The number of some of the chapters is cut off.
Psal. 3.
Jer. 3.
Isay. 2.
Col. 3, 2.
Rom. 6.
Eph. 4.
1 Pet. 2.



Rom. 5.

Heb. 9.  
Eph. 2.
Joh. 14.  Math. 7.
Jam. 1

Joh. 3.
Rom. 8.

[A confession of sins to be used before sermon.]25

TRUETH it is, O Lord, that we are unworthy to come to thy godly presence by reason of our manfold sinnes and wickednesse, much lesse are wee worthy to receave any grace or mercy at thy hands, is thou should deale with us according to our deserv­ings: for wee have sinned, O Lord, against thee, and we have offended thy godly and divine majestie; is thou should begynne to reckone with us even from our first conception in our mothers wombe thou canst find nothing at all in us but occasion of death and eternall damnation; for trueth it is that first wee were conceived in sinne, and in iniquitie was everyone of us borne of our mother, All the dayes of our lyfe wee have so still continued in sinne and wickednesse that rather wee have given ourselves to follow the corrup­tion of this our fleshly nature then otherwise with that earnest care and diligence to serve and worship thee our God as it becommeth us. And theresore is thou shouldst enter into judgement with us, just occasione hast thou not only to punish these our wretched and mor­tall bodies, but also to punish us both in body and soule eternally, if thou shouldst handle us according to the rigour of thy justice: Bot yit, O Lord, as on the one part we acknowledge our owne sinnes and offences, together with the fearfulle judgements of the, our God, that justly by reasone thereof thou mayst poure upon us, so also on the other part wee acknow­ledge thee to be a mercifull God, a loving and a favourable father to all them that unfaynedly turne unto thee; Wherefore, O Lord, we thy people and the workmanship of thine owne hands most humbly beseech thee for Chryst thy sonnes sake to show thy mercie upon us, and forgive us all our offences, impute not unto us the sinnes of our youth, neither yit receive thou a reckoning of us for the iniquitie of our old age, but as thou [hast shewed thyself merciful to all them that]26 have truely called unto thee, so shew the like mercy and favour unto us thy poore servands: Indue our hearts, O God, with such a true and perfite acknow­ledging of our sinnes that wee may poure foorth before thee the unfayned sighs and sobs of our troubled hearts and afflicted consciences for our offences comitted against thee: Inflame our hearts with such a zeale and fervency towards thy glory, that all the dayes of our life our only studie, travell, and labour may be to serve and worship thee our God in spirit, in trueth, and veritie, as thou requirest of us; And that this may be the better performed of us, preserve us from all impediments and stayes that in any wise may hinder or stop us in the same, but in speciall, o Lord, preserve us from the craft of Satan, from the snares of ye world, and from the naughtie lusts and affections of the flesh: make thy good Spirit, o God, once to take such full possession and dwelling in our hearts that not only all the actions of our life, bot also the words of our mouthis and the least thought and cogitation of our mynds may be guided thereby; and finally grant that all the time of our lyfe may be so spent in thy true feare and obedience that altogether wee may end the same in the sanctification and honouring of thy blessed name through Jesus Christ our Lord, To whom with thee and the holy Ghost be all honour and glory for now and ever. Amen.

25 Cut off. We give the title as it is in Knox's Liturgy.




26 Cut off.

Likewise at the discretion of the Minister or Reader the prayer following may be used at the end of the publick service.27

HONOUR and praise be given unto the, O Lord God Almightie, most deare father of heaven for all thy mercies and loveing kindnesse shewed unto us in that it hath pleased thy gratious goodnesse freely and of thine owne accord to elect and choose us to [salvation before]28 the begynning of the world; and even lyke continuall thanks be given to thee for creating us after thine owne image; for redeeming us with the pretious blood of thy deare Sonne when wee were utterly lost; for sanctifying us with thy holy Spirit, in the revelation and knowledge of thyne holy word; for helping and succouring us in all our needs and necessities; for saveing us from all dangers of body and soule; for com­forting us so fatherly in all our tribulations and perse­cutions; for spairing us so long and giveing us so large a tyme of repentance; These benefits, O most mercifull father, lyke as we acknowledge to have receaved them of thyne only goodnesse, Even so wee beseech thee for thy deare sonne Christ Jesus sake to graunt us always thine holy Spirit whereby we may continu­allie grow in thankfulnesse towards thee, to be led into all trueth and comforted in all our adversities; o Lord strengthen our faith, kindle it more in fervency and love towards thee and our neighbours for thy sake; Suffer us not, most deare father, to receave thy word any more in vaine: but graunt us alwayes the assistance of thy grace and holy Spirit, that in heart, word, and deed wee may sanctifie and doe worship to thy name: Help to amplify and encrease thy kingdome, that whatsoever thou sends we may be heartily weill content with thy good pleasure and will: Let us not lacke the thing, o father, without wch we cannot serve thee, but blisse thou so all the works of our hands that we may have sufficient and not to be chargeable bot rather helpfull to others: Be mercifull, o Lord, to our offences, and seeing our debt is great which thou hast forgiven us in Jesus Christ, make us to love thee and our neighbours so much the more: Be thou our father, our capitane, and defender in all tentations, hold thou us up by thy mercifull hand, that we may be delyvered from all inconveniences, and end our lyves in the sanctifying and honouring of thy most holy name through Jesus Christ our Lord and only Saviour [So be it. Let thy mighty hand]29 and outstretched arm, o Lord, be still our defence, thy mercie and loveing kindnesse in Jesus Christ thy deare Sonne our Salvation; thy true and holy word our instruction; thy grace and holy Spirit our comfort and consollation unto the end and in the end. Amen.

27 Bishop Cowper, in his Seven Days' Conference, in which he gives a description of public worship in his time, speaks of the concluding prayer in the Sunday service as a thanksgiving.

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29 Cut off.




O Lord increase our faith, &c.

It was the ancient custome of our church uponn the Sundayes at Afternoone to sing the 119 psalme, which we think best to be still retayned in use, by singing a section of the same before sermon and ane other after; And when it is ended, let the same be begun of new againe.

A prayer against tempests of wind and rayne is the tyme require to be said after the ordinarie prayers.

O LORD our God who hath threatened in thy law to consume the frutes of the earth with stormy winds, blasting, and mildew, when as men for­sake thy commandements, most justlie may thou bring upon us these and all others thy plagues which for our iniquities we have worthily deserved; yit for thy Christ's sake wee intreate thee to be mercifull unto us, and receave us in thy favour, sending us such weather as thereby we may receave the frutes of the earth in due season, and learne both by thy punish­ment to amend our lives and for thy clemencie to give thee praise and glorie through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

For raine if the tyme require.

O GOD our heavenly father, who by thy sonne Jesus Christ hall promised to all them that seeke thy kingdome and the righteousnesse thereof, everie thing that is necessarie for their bodily sustenance; send us, wee beseech thee in this our necessity such moderat rayne and shewers that we may receive the fruits of the earth to our comfort, and to thy honour, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

In time of dearth and famyn.

O GOD our heavenly father, whose gift it is that the rayne doeth fall, the earth is fruteful, beasts increase, and fishes doe multiply; behold wee beseech thee the afflictions of thy people, and grant that this scarsitie and dearth (which wee doe now most justly suffer for our iniquities) may through thy good­nesse be mercifully turned unto cheapness and plenty, for the love of Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

In time of any common plague or sicknesse.

ALMIGHTIE God, who delytes not in the death of synners, nor doeth afflict the children of men willingly, we confesse that by our sinnes wee have provocked thee to draw this thy sword against us, whereby we are consumed in thine anger; But we entreate thee, O Lord, in thy wraith to remember mercie; and as in the tyme of thy servand David, when thou didst slay with the plague of pestilence three score and ten thousand yit remembering thy mercie, thou saved the rest; Have pitie upon us miserable synners, that now are visited with great sick­nesse and mortalitie, that like as thou didst then command thine angell to cease from punishing any more, so it may now please thee to withdraw from us this plague and grievous sicknesse, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.


In tyme of warre.

O ALMIGHTIE God, King of all Kings and Governour of [all things, whose power no creature is able]30 to resist, to whom it belongeth justly to punish synners, and to be mercifull to them that truly repent; save and deliver us wee humbly beseech thee from the hands of our enemies, abate their pride, assuadge their malice, and confound their devyces, that wee being armed by thy defence may be preserved evermore from all perrils to glorifie thee who art the only giver of all victorie, through the merits of thy only sonne Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

In tyme of persecution of the trueth.

ALMIGHTY God, wee have justly deserved that thou shouldest scourge us with the rodd of men and delyver us into the hands of enemies; and now wee see the scourge prepared for us before our eyes, for they that hate us have conspired together to take away our lives, and which is dearer then our life to bereave us of the comfortable light of thy glorious Gospel!: They have said that there is no helpe in God for us, and have lifted up their voice to blaspheme thy eternall trueth; But, O Lord, thou art our buckler, our Glory, and the lifter up of our heads. It matters not what becomes of us, but let not the enemy re­proach thy name in us, neither let them be ashamed that put their trust in thee; Arise, O God, and let not the rage of man turne unto thy praise; Remember not against us our former iniquities, for wee are brought verie low; feare is upon us on everie syde; And there is no strength in us, but thou, O God of our salva­tion, help us for the glorie of thy name, delyver us, and purge away our sinnes for thy name's sake; Wherefore should the heathen say where is there God: make thy selfe knowne, O Lord, amongst them in our sight by avenging the bloode of thy servands which they have shed: Let the sighing of the prisonars come before thee; According to the greatnes of thy power preserve those that are appoynted to die; and render to thine enemies seven fold in their bosoms: According to the reproach wherewith they have reproached thee, so wee thy people and sheepe of thy pasture shall give thee thanks for ever, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

In tyme of harvest.

O GOD our heavenly father, who by thy gracious providence hast made the earth to bring forth her fruits for our use in this thy appoynted tyme, wee most humblie beseech thee to blisse this season, and make it faire and temperat, that the blissings which thou hast sent being collected and gathered in for the comfort of thy creatures wee may have the greator occasion to praise thy blissed name, and declare thy kindness towards us in Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.


A Thanksgiveing for rayne.

O GOD our heavenly father, who by thy glorious providence doest cause the former and latter rayne to descend upon the earth, that it may bring foorth fruite for the use of man, wee give thee humble thanks that it hath pleased thee in our greatest necessities to send us at the last a joyfull rayne upon thine inheritance, and to refresh it when it was dry, to the great comfort of us thine unworthy servands and to the glorie of thine holy name through thy mercies in Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.


30 Cut off.

A thanksgiveing for faire weather.

O LORD God, who hast justly humbled us by thy late plague of [immoderate rain and waters, and in thy mercy hast relieved and]31 comforted our soules by this seasonable and blessed change of weather, wee praise and glorifie thine holy name for this thy mercie, and will alwayes declare thy loving kindnesse from generation to generation through Jesus  Christ our Lord. Amen.

A Thanksgiveing for Plenty.

O MOST mercifull father, who of thy gratious goodnesse hast hard the devout prayers of thy church, and turned our dearth and scarsitie into cheapness and plentie, wee give thee humble thanks for this thy speciall bountie, Beseeching the to con­tinue this thy lovingkindnesse unto us, that our land may yeeld us her frutes of increase, to thy glory and our comfort, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

A Thanksgiveing for peace and victorie.

O ALMIGHTIE God, who art a strong tower of defence unto thy servands against the face of their enemies, we yeeld the praise and thanks for our delyverance from those great and apparent dangers wherewith wee were compassed; we acknowledge it thy goodnesse, that wee were not delyvered over as a prey unto them, Beseeching thee still to continue such thy mercies toward us, that all the world may know that thou art our Saviour and mightie delyverer through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

A Thanksgiveing for deliverance from the plague.

O LORD God, who hast wounded us for our sinnes and consumed us for our transgressions by thy late heavy and dreadful visitation, and now in the midst of judgement remernbring mercy hast redeemed our soules from the jawes of death, wee offer unto thy fatherly goodnesse our selves our soules and bodies which thou hast delyvered, [to be a living sacrfice unto thee always]32 praising and magnifying thy mercies in the midst of the congregatioun, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.



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32 Cut off.


Or this,

WEE humblie acknowledge before thee, a most mercifull father, that all the punishments which are threatened in thy Law might justlie have fallen upon us by reason of our manfold transgressions and hardnesse of heart, yet sith it hath pleased thee of thy tender mercie upon our weake and unworthy humiliation to assuage the noysome pestilence wherewith lately we have bene sore afflicted, and to restore the voice of joy and health into our dwellings, Wee offer unto thy divine Matie the sacrfice of praise and thanksgiveing, lauding and magnifying thy glorious name for such thy preservatioune and providence over us, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.


Ane necessarie advertisement for this tyme.

IN all our prayers and thankigiveings it is to be remembered that the due ties of Christians assembled is to say Amen at the end of every of them, alsweill to declare their attention, as to witness the affection and consent of their hearts unto all the servyce, that is performed to God in his sanctuarie: That this was a custome observed by Chrystians in the primitive church, and in the Apostles owne dayes appeares by that which Sana Paul hath, 1 Cor : 14 : 16, where commanding churche service to be done in a language that people may understand, he subjoynes this reason from ane inconvenient, If prayer and praise be not made in a language knowne that the hearers [may understand, how]33 shall he that is in the place of the unlearned say Amen, at the giveing of thanks, seeing he knowes not what thou sayest? Now praised be God, the Lord speaks unto his people in their owne language, they heare and understand the prayers and praises which are made in the church; why then shall they omitt this christian duetie to say Amen to them? neither is it enough in their hearts to think, or with a secret and whispering voice to utter it, for the Apostle tells them their part is to say Amen: As in the singing of psalmes both heart and mouth is concurring, psal. 9, 1, so should we both in heart and mouth testifie by this publick declaratioun that wee have our part in all the prayers and praises which are sent up unto God, and that we allow and subscribe unto the samyn: And wee nothing doubt but all that feare God and prosesse his trueth with us will hereafter carefully observe the same.

33 Cut off.

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