|The Book of Common Prayer|
THE ORDER FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF
THE LORD'S SUPPER
(COMMONLY CALLED THE MASS)
SO many as intend to be partakers of the holy Communion shall signify
their names to the Curate, at least some time the day before.
OUR Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name, Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done, in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil. Amen.
ALMIGHTY God, unto whom all hearts be open, all desires known; and from whom no secrets are hid: Cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of thy Holy Spirit, that we may perfectly love thee, and worthily magnify thy holy Name; through Christ our Lord. Amen.
After the Introit the Priest, turning to the People, shall rehearse
distinctly all the TEN COMMANDMENTS: and the People still kneeling shall
after every Commandment ask God mercy for their transgression thereof
for the time past, and grace to keep the same for the time to come, as
GOD spake these words, and said;
I am the Lord thy God: Thou shalt have none other gods but me.
Or the following shall be said or sung.
LORD, have mercy (upon us).
Priest. The Lord be with you.
Let us pray.
Then shall be said the Collect of the Day. And immediately after the Collect the Priest (or some other person) shall read the Lesson, saying, The Lesson from the .... And the Lesson ended, the People shall say, Thanks be to God.
Then shall the Celebrant (or Deacon) read the Gospel (the People standing), saying, The Lord be with you. People. And with thy spirit. Priest. The Continuation of the holy Gospel according to .... People. Glory be to thee, O Lord. And the Gospel ended, the People shall say, Praise be to thee, O Christ.
Then, all the days appointed. shall be said or sung the Creed following, the People standing, as before.
I BELIEVE in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth,
And of all things visible and invisible:
Then the Curate shall declare unto the People what Holy-days, or Fasting-days, are in the week following to be observed. And then also (if occasion be) shall notice be given of the Communion; and Briefs, Citations, and Excommunications read. And nothing shall be proclaimed or published in the Church during the time of Divine Service, but by the Minister: nor by him any thing but what is prescribed in the Rules of this Book or by the Ordinary of the place.
Then shall follow the Sermon, or one of the Homilies already set forth, or hereafter to be set forth, by authority.
Then shall the Priest return to the Lord's Table, and begin the Offertory,
saying one or more of these Sentences following, as he thinketh most
convenient in his discretion.
(Here follow the Offertory Sentences, as in the 1662 BCP)
Whilst these Sentences are in reading, the Deacons, Churchwardens, or other fit person appointed for that purpose, shall receive the Alms for the Poor, and other devotions of the People, in a decent boson to be provided by the Parish for that purpose; and reverently bring it to the Priest, who shall humbly present and place it upon the holy Table.
And when there is a Communion, the Priest shall then place upon the Table so much Bread and Wine as he shall think sufficient. After which done, the Priest shall say,
Let us pray for the whole state of Christ's Church militant here in earth.
ALMIGHTY and everliving God, who by thy holy Apostle hast taught us
to make prayers and supplications, and to give thanks, for all men: We
humbly beseech thee most mercifully to accept our alms and oblations,
and to receive these our prayers, which we offer unto thy Divine Majesty;
beseeching thee to inspire continually the universal Church with the
spirit of truth, unity, and concord: And grant, that all they that do
confess thy holy Name may agree in the truth of thy holy Word, and live
in unity, and godly love.
Then shall the Priest say to them that come to receive the holy Communion,
YE that do truly and earnestly repent you of your sins, and are in love
and charity with your neighbours, and intend to lead a new life, following
the commandments of God, and walking from henceforth in his holy ways:
Draw near with faith, and take this holy Sacrament to your comfort; and
make your humble confession to Almighty God, meekly kneeling upon your
Then shall this general Confession be made, in the name of all those that are minded to receive the holy Communion, by one of the Ministers; both he and all the People kneeling humbly upon their knees and saying,
ALMIGHTY God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Maker of all things, Judge of all men: We acknowledge and bewail our manifold sins and wickedness, Which we from time to time most grievously have committed, By thought, word, and deed, Against thy Divine Majesty, Provoking most justly thy wrath and indignation against us. We do earnestly repent, And are heartily sorry for these our misdoings; The remembrance of them is grievous unto us; The burden of them is intolerable. Have mercy upon us, Have mercy upon us, most merciful Father; For thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ's sake, Forgive us all that is past; And grant that we may ever hereafter Serve and please thee In newness of life, To the honour and glory of thy Name; Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Then shall the Priest (or the Bishop, being present,) stand up, and turning himself to the People, pronounce this Absolution.
ALMIGHTY God, n our heavenly Father, who of his great mercy hath promised forgiveness of sins to all them that with hearty repentance and true faith turn unto him; Have mercy upon you; pardon and deliver you from all your sins; confirm and strengthen you in all goodness; and bring you to everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Then shall the Priest say,
Hear what comfortable words our Saviour Christ saith unto all that truly turn to him.
unto me all that travail and are heavy laden, and I will refresh you. S.
Matth. 11. 28.
Hear also what Saint John saith.
If any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and he is the propitiation for our sins. 1 S. John 2. 1.
After which the Priest shall proceed, saying,
The Lord be with you.
Then shall the Priest turn to the Lord's Table, and say,
IT is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we should at all times, and in all places, give thanks unto thee, O Lord, Holy Father, Almighty, Everlasting God.
Here shall follow the proper Preface, according to the time, if there' be any specially appointed: or else immediately shall follow,
THEREFORE with Angels and Archangels, and with all the company of heaven,
we laud and magnify thy glorious Name; evermore praising thee, and saying:
Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of thy
glory: Glory be to thee, O Lord most High. Blessed is he that cometh
in the Name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.
Upon Christmas Day and until January 5, and on the Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
BECAUSE thou didst give Jesus Christ thine only Son to be born [as at this time] for us; who, by the operation of the Holy Ghost, was made very man of the substance of the Virgin Mary his mother; and that without spot of sin, to make us clean from all sin. Therefore with Angels, &c •
Upon the Feast of the Epiphany and until January 13.
BECAUSE that when thine only-begotten Son manifestly appeared in substance of our flesh, he restored us by the new light of his immortality, Therefore with Angels, &c.
From Ash Wednesday until the Saturday before Passion Sunday.
WHO by bodily fasting dost overcome vice, dost raise the mind, and dost bestow on us virtue and heavenly rewards; through Christ our Lord. Therefore with Angels, &c.
From Passion Sunday to Maundy Thursday, and on other appointed days.
WHO by the tree of the Cross didst give salvation unto mankind; that whence death arose, thence life might rise again; and that he, who by a tree overcame, might also by a tree be overcome; through Christ our Lord. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Easter Day and until the Vigil of the Ascension.
BUT chiefly are we bound to praise thee for the glorious Resurrection of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord: for he is the very Paschal Lamb, which was offered for us, and hath taken away the sin of the world; who by his death hath destroyed death, and by his rising to life again hath restored to us everlasting life. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Ascension Day, and seven days after.
THROUGH thy most dearly beloved Son Jesus Christ our Lord; who after his most glorious Resurrection manifestly appeared to all his Apostles, and in their sight ascended up into heaven to prepare a place for us; that where he is, thither we might also ascend, and reign with him in glory. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Whitsunday, and six days after.
THROUGH Jesus Christ our Lord; according to whose most true promise, the Holy Ghost came down as at this time from heaven with a sudden great sound, as it had been a mighty wind, in the likeness of fiery tongues, lighting upon the Apostles, to teach them, and to lead them to all truth; giving them both the gift of divers languages, and also boldness with fervent zeal constantly to preach the Gospel unto all nations; whereby we have been brought out of darkness and error into the clear light and true knowledge of thee, and of thy Son Jesus Christ. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Trinity Sunday, and upon all Sundays when no other Preface is appointed.
WHO with thine only-begotten Son and the Holy Ghost art one God, one Lord; not one only Person, but three Persons in one Substance. For that which we believe of thy glory, O Father, the same we believe of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, without any difference or inequality. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon all Feasts of the Blessed Virgin Mary except on the Feast of the Purification.
AND that on the ... of Blessed Mary ever Virgin, we should praise, bless, and magnify thee; because by the overshadowing of the Holy Ghost she conceived thine only-begotten Son; and, the glory of her maidenhood yet abiding, shed forth upon the world the light eternal, Jesus Christ our Lord. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Feasts of the Apostles and Evangelists outside the Octave of Christmas.
IT is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we, O Lord, should humbly entreat thee, that thou, the everlasting Shepherd, do not forsake thy flock, but through thy blessed Apostles keep it by thy continual protection; that it may be governed by those same rulers whom, in thy stead, thou hast appointed for thy work, as shepherds of thy people: Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon the Feast of Christ the King.
WHO didst anoint thine only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, with the oil of gladness, to be a Priest for ever and the King of all the world; that, offering himself an unspotted sacrifice of peace upon the altar of the Cross, he might accomplish the mystery of the redemption of mankind; and making all creatures subject to his governance, might deliver up to thine infinite Majesty an eternal and universal kingdom; a kingdom of truth and life; a kingdom of sanctity and grace; a kingdom of justice, love, and peace. Therefore with Angels, &c.
THROUGH Christ our Lord; in whom hath shone forth unto us the hope of a blessed resurrection; that they who bewail the certain condition of their mortality may be consoled by thy promise of immortality to come. For the life of thy faithful people, O Lord, is changed, not taken away; and at the dissolution of the tabernacle of this earthly sojourning a dwelling-place eternal is made ready in the heavens. Therefore with Angels, &c.
After each of which Prefaces shall immediately be sung or said,
THEREFORE with Angels and Archangels, and with all the company of heaven,
we laud and magnify thy glorious Name; evermore praising thee, and saying;
Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of thy
glory; Glory be to thee, O Lord most High. Blessed is he that cometh
in the Name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
Then shall the Priest secretly read the Canon anciently used here and, at its conclusion, say in a loud voice this Prayer following.
WE do not presume to come to this thy Table, O merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies. We are not worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy Table. But thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy; Grant us therefore, gracious Lord, so to eat the flesh of thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and to drink his blood, that our sinful bodies may be made clean by his body, and our souls washed through his most precious blood, and that we may evermore dwell in him, and he in us. Amen.
When the Priest, standing before the Table, hath so ordered the Bread and Wine, that he may with the more readiness and decency break the Bread before the People, and take the Cup into his hands, he shall say the Prayer of Consecration, as followeth.
ALMIGHTY God, n our heavenly Father, who of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the Cross for our redemption; who made there (by his one oblation of himself once offered) a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy Gospel command us to continue, a perpetual memory of that his precious death, until his coming again; Hear us, O merciful Father, we most humbly beseech thee; and grant that we receiving these thy creatures of bread and wine, according to thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ's holy institution, in remembrance of his death and passion, may be partakers of his most blessed Body and Blood; who, in the same night that he was betrayed, atook Bread; and, when he had given thanks, bhe brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat; cthis is my Body which is given for you; Do this in remembrance of me. Likewise after supper dhe took the Cup; and, when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this; for ethis is my Blood of the New Testament, which is shed for you and for many for the remission of sins; Do this, as oft as ye shall drink it, in remembrance of me. Amen.
Then, while the Priest secretly readeth the Canon anciently used here, the People may themselves secretly read the Prayer following.
WHEREFORE, O Lord and heavenly Father, we thy humble servants do celebrate
and make here before thy Divine Majesty, with these thy holy gifts, which
we here offer unto thee, the memorial thy Son hath commanded us to make;
having in remembrance his blessed passion, and precious death, his mighty
resurrection, and glorious ascension; rendering unto thee most hearty
thanks for the innumerable benefits procured unto us by the same, and
looking for his coming again with power and great glory. And we entirely
desire thy fatherly goodness mercifully to accept this our sacrifice
of praise and thanksgiving; most humbly beseeching thee to grant, that
by the merits and death of thy Son Jesus Christ, and through faith in
his blood, we and all thy whole Church may obtain remission of our sins,
and all other benefits of his passion. And here we offer and present
unto thee, O Lord, ourselves, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable,
holy, and lively sacrifice unto thee; humbly beseeching thee, that all
we, who are partakers of this holy Communion, may be fulfilled with thy
grace and heavenly benediction. And although we be unworthy, through
our manifold sins, to offer unto thee any sacrifice, yet we beseech thee
to accept this our bounden duty and service; not weighing our merits,
but pardoning our offences, through Jesus Christ our Lord; by whom, and
with whom, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, all honour and glory be unto
thee, O Father Almighty.
Priest.Throughout all ages, world without end.
Let us pray. Commanded by saving precepts, and taught by divine institution, we are bold to say,
OUR Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name, Thy kingdom come,
Thy will be done, in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily
bread; And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass
against us; And lead us not into temptation.
(at the end of the Prayer said secretly).
O LAMB of God, that takest away the sins of the world: Have mercy upon
Then shall the Minister first receive the Communion in both kinds himself, and then proceed to deliver the same to the Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, in like manner, (if any be present,) and after that to the People also in order I into their hands, all meekly kneeling. And, when he delivereth the Bread to anyone, he shall say,
THE Body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life: Take and eat tills in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed on him in thy heart by faith with thanksgiving.
And the Minister that delivereth the Cup to anyone shall say,
THE Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was shed for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life: Drink this in remembrance that Christ's Blood was shed for thee, and be thankful.
If the consecrated Bread or Wine be all spent before all have communicated, the Priest is to consecrate more according to the Form before prescribed: Beginning at [Our Saviour Christ in the same night, &c.] for the blessing of the Bread: and at [Likewise after Supper, &c.] for the blessing of the Cup.
When all have communicated, the Minister shall return to the Lord's Table, and reverently place upon it what remaineth of the consecrated Elements.
The sacred Elements having been reverently consumed, and the sacred vessels cleansed and covered, the Priest shall read the Communion Sentence at the Epistle side and, at the centre of the Altar, facing the People, shall say,
The Lord be with you.
Then shall follow the Proper Collect and this Prayer following.
ALMIGHTY and everliving God, we most heartily thank thee, for that thou dost vouchsafe to feed us, who have duly received these holy mysteries, with the spiritual food of the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ; and dost assure us thereby of thy favour and goodness towards us; and that we are very members incorporate in the mystical body of thy Son, which is the blessed company of all faithful people; and are also heirs through hope of thy everlasting kingdom, by the merits of the most precious death and passion of thy dear Son. And we most humbly beseech thee, O heavenly Father, so to assist us with thy grace, that we may continue in that holy fellowship, and do all such good works as thou hast prepared for us to walk in; through Jesus Christ our Lord, to whom, with thee and the Holy Ghost, be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.
Then, on the days appointed, shall be said or sung,
GLORY be to God on high, and in earth peace, good will towards men.
We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee, we give
thanks to thee for thy great glory,
Then the Priest (or Bishop if he be present) shall let them depart with this Blessing.
THE peace of God, which passeth all understanding, keep your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord: And the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be amongst you and remain with you always. Amen.
On Days of National Prayer, and at other times by order of the Bishop, there shall be added at the foot of the Altar steps, before the recession of the Sacred Ministers, the following.
O Lord, save the President.
Let us pray.
ALMIGHTY God, who rulest over all Nations and dost order them according
to thy good pleasure: We beseech thee mercifully to behold the President
of this State; that he may ever use the authority, which thou hast committed
to him, for the peace of the world, the safety, honour, and welfare of
the Nation, and the good of thy holy Church; through Jesus Christ our
Collects to be said after the Offertory, when there is no Communion, every such day one or more: and the same may be said also, as often as occasion shall serve, after the Collects either of Morning or Evening Prayer, Communion, or Litany, by the discretion of the Minister.
ASSIST us mercifully, O Lord, in these our supplications and prayers, and dispose the way of thy servants towards the attainment of everlasting salvation; that, among all the changes and chances of this mortal life, they may ever be defended by thy most gracious and ready help; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
O ALMIGHTY Lord, and everlasting God, vouchsafe, we beseech thee, to direct, sanctify, .and govern, both our hearts and bodies, in the ways of thy laws, and in the works of thy commandments; that through thy most mighty protection, both here and ever, we may be preserved in body and soul; through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen.
GRANT, we beseech thee, Almighty God, that the words, which we have heard this day with our outward ears, may through thy grace be so grafted inwardly in our hearts, that they may bring forth in us the fruit of good living, to the honour and praise of thy Name; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
PREVENT us, O Lord, in all our doings with thy most gracious favour, and further us with thy continual help; that in all our works, begun, continued, and ended in thee, we may glorify thy holy Name, and finally by thy mercy obtain everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
ALMIGHTY God, the the fountain of all wisdom, who knowest our necessities before we ask, and our ignorance in asking: We beseech thee to have compassion upon our infirmities; and those things, which for our unworthiness we dare not, and for our blindness we cannot ask, vouchsafe to give us for the worthiness of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
ALMIGHTY God, who hast promised to hear the petitions of them that ask
in thy Son's Name: We beseech thee mercifully to incline thine ears to
us that have made now our prayers and supplications unto thee; and grant
that those things, which we have faithfully asked according to thy will,
may effectually be obtained, to the relief of our necessity, and to the
setting forth of thy glory; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Upon the Sundays and. other Holy-days (if there be no Communion) shall be said all that is appointed at the Communion, until the end of the general Prayer [For the whole state of Christ's Church militant here in earth] together with one or more of these Collects last before rehearsed, concluding with the Blessing.
And there shall be no Celebration of the Lord's Supper, except there be a convenient number to communicate with the Priest, according to his discretion.
And if there be not above twenty persons in the Parish of discretion to receive the Communion: yet there shall be no Communion, except four (or three at the least) communicate with the Priest.
And in Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, and Colleges, where there are many Priests and Deacons, they shall all receive the Communion with the Priest every Sunday at the least, except they have a reasonable cause to the contrary.
And to take away all occasion of dissension, and superstition, which any person hath or might have concerning the Bread and Wine, it shall suffice that the Bread be such as is usual to be eaten; but the best and purest Wheat Bread that conveniently may be gotten.
The Bread and Wine for the Communion shall be provided by the Curate and the Church-wardens at the charges of the Parish.
And note, that every Parishioner shall communicate at the least three times in the year, a/which Easter to be one. And yearly at Easter every Parishioner shall reckon with the Parson, Vicar, or Curate, or his or their Deputy or Deputies: and pay to them or him all Ecclesiastical Duties, accustomably due, then and at that time to be paid.
After the Divine Service ended, the money given at the Offertory shall be disposed of to such pious and charitable uses, as the Minister and Church-wardens shall think fit. Wherein if they disagree, it shall be disposed of as the Ordinary shall appoint.
Whereas it is ordained in this office for the Administration of the Lord's Supper, that the Communicants should receive the same kneeling; (which order is well meant for a signification of our humble and grateful acknowledgement of the benefits of Christ therein given to all worthy Receivers, and/or the avoiding of such profanation and disorder in the holy Communion, as might otherwise ensue;) yet, lest the same kneeling should by any persons, either out of ignorance and infirmity, or out of malice and obstinacy, be misconstrued and depraved: It is here declared, that thereby no Adoration is intended, or ought to be done, either unto the Sacramental Bread or Wine there bodily received, or unto any Corporal Presence of Christ's natural Flesh and Blood. For the Sacramental Bread and Wine remain still in their very natural substances, and therefore may not be adored; (for that were Idolatry, to be abhorred of all faithful Christians;) and the natural Body and Blood of our Saviour Christ are in Heaven, and not here: it being against the truth of Christ's natural Body to be at one time in more places than one.
|Then follows the three Exhortations from the 1662 BCP, printed in smaller type.|
Return to the Book of Common Prayer of the Anglican Church of Ghana
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