|The Book of Common Prayer|
That is to say,
An Instruction to be learned of every
¶ Question.What is your Name?
¶ Answer.N.or M.
¶ Question.Who gave you this name?
¶ AnswerMy Godfathers and Godmothers in my Baptism, wherein I was made a member of Christ, the childe of God, and an inheritour of the kingdom of heaven.
¶ Question.What did your Godfathers, and Godmothers then for you?
¶ Answer.They did promise and vow three things in my name. First, that I should renounce the Devil, and all his Works, the pomps and vanity of this wicked world, and all the sin full lusts of the flesh. Secondly, that I should believe all the Articles of the Christian faith. And thirdly, that I should keep Gods holy Will and Commandments, and walk in the same all the dayes of my life.
¶ Question.Dost thou not think that thou art bound to believe, and to doe as they have promised for thee?
¶ Answer.Yes verily: and by Gods help so I will. And I heartily thank our heavenly Father, that he hath called mee to this State of salvation, through Jesus Christ our Saviour. And I pray unto God to give me his grace, that I may continue in the same unto my lives end.
¶ Catechist.Reherse the Articles of thy belief.
¶ Answer.I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, And in Jesus Christ his only son our Lord, Who was conceived by the holy Ghost, Born of the Virgin Mary, Suffered under Pontius Pilate, Was crucified, dead and buried, He descended into Hell, The third day he rose again from the dead, He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God the Father Almighty: From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the holy Ghost, the holy Catholick Church, The Communion of Saints, The forgiveness of Sins, The resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
¶ QuestionWhat dost thou chiefly learn in these Articles of thy belief?
Answer.First, I learn to believe in God the Father, who hath made me, and all the World.
Secondly, in God the son, who hath redeemed me, and all mankind.
Thirdly, in God the holy Ghost, who sanctifieth me, and all the elect people of God.
¶ Question.You said that your Godfathers, and Godmothers did promise for you, that you should keep Gods Commandments. Tell me how many there be?
¶ QuestionWhich be they?
¶ Answer.The same which God spake in the twentith Chapter of Exodus, saying, I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of Bondage.
i. Thou shalt have none other Gods, but me.
ii, Thou shalt not make to thy selfe any graven Image, nor the likenes of any thing that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, or in the Water, under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down to them, nor worship them. For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, and visit the sins of the Fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, and shew mercy unto thousands in them that love mee, and keep my Commandments.
III. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltles that taketh his Name in vain.
IV. Remember that thou keep holy the sabbath day. Six Dayes shalt thou labour, and doe all that thou hast to do, but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God. In it thou shalt do no manner of worke, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, thy Cattel, and the stranger that is within thy Gates. For in six dayes the Lord made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: Wherefore, the Lord blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it.
V. Honour thy Father, and thy Mother, that thy dayes may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
VI. Thou shalt do no murther.
VII. Thou shalt not commit Adultery.
VIII. Thou shalt not steal.
IX. Thou shalt not bear false witnes against thy Neighbour.
X. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbours house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbours wife, nor his servant, nor his Maid, nor his Ox, nor his Ass, nor any thing that is his.
¶ Question.What dost thou chiefly learn by theis Commandments.
¶ Answer.I learn two things: my duty towards God, and my duty towards my Neighbour.
¶ Question.What is thy duty towards God?
¶ Answer.My duty towards God, is to believe in him, to fear him and to love him, with all my heart, with all my mind, with all my soul, and with all my strength; to worship him, to give him thancks, to put my whole trust in him, to call upon him, to honour his holy Name, and his word; and to serve him truly all the dayes of my life.
¶ Question.What is thy duty towards thy Neighbour?
¶ Answer.My duty towards my neighbour, is to love him as my selfe, and to doe to all men, as I would they should doe unto me. To love, honour, and succour my Father, and Mother. To honour and obey the King, and all that are put in Authority under him; to submitt my selfe to all my Govemours, teachers, spiritual Pastours and Masters; to order my selfe lowly and reverently to all my betters. To hurt no body, by word, nor deed. To be true and just, in all my dealing. To bear no Malice nor hatred in my heart. To keep my hands from picking and stealing, and my tongue from evil speakeing, lyeing and slandering. To keep my body in Temperance, Sobernes, and chastity. Not to covet nor desire other mens goods, but to learn and labour truly to get mine own living, and to doe my duty in that state of life, unto which it shall please God to call me.
¶ Catechist.My good childe, Know this, that thou art not able to do these thinfs of thy selfe, nor to walke in the Commandments of God, and to serve him, without his speciall Grace, which thou must learn at all tymes to call for by diligent prayer. Let me hear therefore if thou canst say the Lords Prayer.
¶ Answer.Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be don in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our dayly bread; And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation; But deliver us from evil. Amen.
¶ Question.What desirest thou of God in this Prayer?
¶ Answer.I desire my Lord God our heavenly Father, who is the giver of all goodnes, to send his grace unto me, and to all people, that we may worship him, serve him, and obey him as we ought to do. And I pray unto God, that he will send us all things that be, needfull both for our souls, and bodies, and that he will be mercifull unto us, and forgive us our sins; and that it will please him to save and defend us in all dangers ghostly and bodily; And that he will keep us from ail sin and wickednes, and from our ghostly Enemy, and from everlasting death. And this I trust he will doe of his mercy and goodnes, through our Lord Jesus Christ. And therefore I say Amen. so be it.
¶ Question.How many Sacraments hath Christ ordained in his Church?
¶ Answer.Two only, as generally necessary to Salvation, that is to say, Baptism, and the supper of the Lord.
¶ Question.What meanest thou by this word, Sacrament.
¶ Answer.I mean an outward and visible signe of an inward and spiritual grace, given unto us, ordeined by Christ himselfe, as a means whereby we receive the same, and a pledge to assure us thereof.
¶ Question.How many parts are there in a sacrament?
¶ Answer.Two: the outward visible signe, and the inward spiritual Grace.
¶ Question.What is the outward visible signe, or Form in Baptism?
¶ Answer.Water: wherein the person is baptized, In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghost.
¶ Question.What is the inward and spiritual grace?
¶ Answer.A death unto sin, and a new birth unto righteousnes: for being by nature born in sin, and the children of wrath, we are hereby made the children of grace.
¶ Question.What is required of persons to be baptized?
¶ Answer.Repentance, whereby they forsake sin: and Faith, whereby they stedfastly believe the promises of God, made to them in that sacrament.
¶ Question.Why then are Infants baptized, when by reason of their tender Age they cannot perform them?
¶ Answer.Because they promise them both by their sureties: which promise, when they come to Age, themselves are bound to perform.
¶ Question.Why was the sacrament of the Lords Supper ordained?
¶ Answer.For the continual remembrance of the Sacrifice of the death of Christ, and of the benefits which we receive thereby.
¶ Question.What is the outward part or signe of the Lords Supper?
¶ Answer.Bread and wine, which the Lord hath commanded to be received.
¶ Question.What is the inward part, or thing signified?
¶ Answer.The body and blood of Christ, which are verily, and indeed taken and received by the faith full in the Lords supper.
¶ Question.What are the benefits whereof we are partakers thereby?
¶ Answer.The strengthning and refreshing of our souls by the body and blood of Christ, as our bodies are by the bread and wine.
¶ Question.What is required of them who come to the Lords Supper.
¶ Answer.To examine themselves, whether they repent them truly of their former sins, stedfastly purposing to lead a new life, have a lively Faith in Gods mercy through Christ, with a thankfull remembrance of his death, and be in Charity with all men.
¶ The Curate of every Parish, shall diligently upon Sundayes, and Holy-dayes, after the second Lesson at Evening Prayer openly in the Church instruct, and examine so many children of his parish sent unto him, as he shall think convenient in some part of this Chatechism.
¶ And all fathers, Mothers, Masters, and Dames, shall cause their chi1dren, servants, and Prentices (which have not learned their catechism) to come to the Church at the time appointed, and obediently to hear, and be ordered by the Curate, until such time as they have learned all that is here appointed for them to learn.
¶ So soon as chi1dren are come to a competent Age, and can say in their mother Tongue, the Creed, the Lords Prayer, and the ten Commandments, and also can answer to the other questions of this short Catechism; they shall be brought to the Bishop; And every one shall have a Godfather, or a Godmother as a Witnes of their Confirmation.
¶ And whensoever the Bishop shall give knowledge for children to be brought unto him for their Confirmation, the Curate of every Parish shall either bring or send in writeing, with his hand subscribed thereunto, the Names of all such persons within his Parish, as he shall think fitt to be presented to the Bishop to be confirmed, And, if the Bishop approve of them, he shall confirm them in the manner following.
The Order of Confirmation,
or laying on of hands,
upon those, that are baptized,
¶ Upon the day appointed, all that are to be then confirmed, being placed, and standing in Order before the Bishop: he (or some other Minister appointed by him) shall read this Preface following.
To the end that Confirmation may be ministred to the more edifyeing of such as shall receive it, the Church hath thought good to order, That none hereafter shall be confirmed, but such as can say the Creed, the Lords Prayer, and the ten Commandments, and can also answer to such other questions, as in the short Catechism are conteined: which order is very convenient to be observed, to the end, That Children being now come to the years of discretion, and having learned what their Godfathers and Godmothers promised for them in Baptism, they may themselves, with their own mouth and consent, openly before the Church, ratifie and confirm the same, and also promise that by the grace of God they will evermore endeavour themselves faithfully to observe such things as they by their own Confession have assented unto.
¶ Then shall the Bishop say.Do ye here in the presence of God, and of this Congregation, renew the solemn promise and vow, that was made in your Name at your Baptism; ratifieing and confirming the same in your own persons, and acknowledging your selves bound to believe and to do all those things, which your Godfathers and Godmothers then undertook for you?
¶ And every one shall audibly answer.I do.
¶ The Bishop.Our help is in the Name of the Lord.
¶ Answer.Who hath made heaven and earth
¶ Bishop.Blessed be the Name of the Lord.
¶ Answer.Henceforth world without end.
¶ Bishop.Lord hear our prayers.
¶ Answer.And let our cry come unto thee.
¶ Bishop.Let us pray.
Almighty, and everliving God, who hast vouchsafed to regenerate these thy servants by Water, and the holy Ghost; and hast given unto them forgiveness of all their sins: Strengthen them, we beseech thee, O Lord, with the holy Ghost the Comforter; and daily increase in them thy manifold gifts of grace; the spirit of wisdom and understanding; the spirit of Counsel and ghostly strength; the spirit of knowledge, and true godliness; and fil them, O Lord, with the spirit of thy holy fear, now and for-ever. Amen.
¶ Then all of them in order, kneeling before the Bishop, he shall lay his hand upon the head of everyone severally, saying.
Defend, O Lord, this thy Childe [or this thy servant] with thy heavenly grace; that he may continue thine for ever: and daily increase in thy holy spirit, more and more, until he come unto thy everlasting Kingdom. Amen.
¶ Then shall the Bishop say.The Lord be with you.
¶ Answer.And with thy spirit.
¶ And (all kneeling down) the Bishop shall add.Let us pray.
Our Father which art in heaven. Hallowed be thy Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be don in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread,. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us, And lead us not into temptation: but deliver us from evil. Amen.
¶ And this Collect.
Almighty and everliving God, who makest us both to will and to do those things that be good and acceptable unto thy divine Majesty: We make our humble supplications unto thee for these thy servants, upon whom (after the example of thy holy Apostles) we have now layed our hands to certifie them (by this sign) of thy favour and gracious goodness towards them. Let thy fatherly hand, we beseech thee ever be over them; let thy holy spirit ever be with them, and so lead them in the Knowledge and obedience of thy word, that in the end they may obtain everlasting life, through our Lord Jesus Christ; who with thee, and the holy Ghost, liveth and reigneth ever one God world without end. Amen.
O Almighty Lord, and everlasting God, vouchsafe, we beseech thee, to direct, sanctifie, and govern both our hearts and bodies in the wayes of thy laws, and in the works of thy Commandments, that through thy most mighty protection, both here and ever, we may be preserved in body and soul, through our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. Amen.
Then the Bishop shall bless them, saying thus.
The blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the holy Ghost, be upon you, and remain with you, for ever. Amen.
¶ And there shall none be admitted to the holy Communion, unti1 such time as he be confirmed, or be ready and desirous to be confirmed.
The Form of Solemnization of
First, the Banns of all that are to be married together, must be published in the Church three severall Sundayes, or Holy-dayes in the time of divine service, immediatly before the sentences for the Offertory: the Curate saying after the accustomed manner. [I publish the Banns of Marriage between M. of and N. of If any of you know cause, or just impediment why these two persons should not be joyned together in holy Matrimony, ye are to declare it: This is the first [second, or third] time of asking.]
¶ And if the Persons that are to be married dwell m divers Parishes, the Banns must be asked in both Parishes; and the Curate of the one Parish shall not solemnize Matrimony betwixt them, without a Certificate of the Banns being thrice asked from the Curate of the other Parish.
¶ At the day and time appointed for solemnization of Matrimony, the persons to be married shall come into the Body of the Church with their Friends and Neighbours: And there standing together, the Man on the right hand, and the Woman on the 1eft; the Priest shall say.
Dearly beloved, we are gathered together here in the sight of God, and in the face of this Congregation, to joyn together this Man, and this woman in holy Matrimony, which is an honourable estate, instituted of God in the time of mans innocency, signifying unto us the mysticall union that is betwixt Christ and his Church: which holy estate Christ adorned, and beautified with his presence, and first miracle that he wrought in Cana of Galilee, and is commended of St. Paul to be honourable among all men, and therefore is not by any to be enterprized, nor taken in hand unadvisedly, lightly, or wantonly, to satisfie mens carnall lusts, and appetites, like brute beasts that have no understanding; but reverently, discreetly, advisedly, soberly, and in the fear of God, duly considering the causes for which Matrimony was ordeined.
¶ And also speaking unto the persons that shall be married, he shall say.
I require and charge you both (as ye will answer at the dreadfull day of Judgement, when the secrets of all hearts shall be disc1osed,) that if either of you know any impediment, why ye may not be lawfully be joyned together in Matrimony, ye do now confess it; For be ye well assured, that so many as are coupled together otherwise then Gods word doth allow, are not joyned together by God, neither is their Matrimony lawfull.
¶ At which day of Marriage, if any man do allege and declare any impediment why they may not be coupled together in Matrimony by Gods law, or the laws of this Realm, and will be bound, and sufficient sureties with him, to the parties, or else put in a Caution (to the full value of such charges, as the Persons to be married, do thereby sustain) to prove his Allegation; then the Solemnization must be deferred until such time as the truth be tryed.
¶ If no impediment be alledged, then shall the Curate say unto the Man.
N. wilt thou have this woman to thy wedded wife, to live together, after Gods ordinance, in the holy estate of Matrimony? Wilt thou love her, comfort her. honour and keep her, in sicknes and in health? and forsakeing all other, keep thee only unto her so long as ye both shall live?
¶ The man shall answer.
¶ Then shall the Priest say unto the Woman.
N. wilt thou have this man to thy wedded husband to live together after Gods ordinance, in the holy estate of matrimony? Wilt thou obey him, and serve him, love, honour, and keep him, in sickness, and in health, and forsakeing all other, keep thee only unto him, so long as ye both shall live?
¶ The Woman shall answer.
¶ Then shall the Minister say.
Who giveth this woman to be marryed to this man?
¶ Then shall they give their Troth to each other in this manner.
¶ The Minister receiving the Woman at her Fathers, or friends hands, shall cause the Man with his right hand, to take the woman by her right hand, and to say after him as followeth.
I N. take thee N. to my wedded wife, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness, and in health, to love and to cherish till death us do part, according to Gods holy ordinance, and thereto I plight thee my troth.
¶ Then shall they loose their hands, and the woman with her right hand takeing the man by his right hand, shall likewise say after the Minister.
I N. take thee N. to my wedded husband, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness, and in health, to love, cherish, and to obey till death us do part, according to Gods holy ordinance i And thereto I give thee my troth.
¶ Then shall they again loose their hands, and the Man shall give unto the woman a ring, laying the same upon the book, with the accustomed duty to the Priest and Clerk. And the Priest taking the ring, shall deliver it unto the man, to put it upon the fourth finger of the womans 1eft hand. And the man holding the Ring there, and taught by the Priest, shall say.
With this ring I thee wed, with my body I thee worship, and with all my worldly goods I thee endow: In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghost. Amen.
¶ Then the man leaving the ring upon the fourth finger of the womans left hand, they shall both kneel down, and the Minister shall say.
Let us pray.
O etemall God, creatour and preserver of all mankind, giver of all spirituall grace, the Author of everlasting life, send thy blessing upon these thy servants, this man, and this woman, whom we bless in thy Name, that as Isaac and Rebecca lived faithfully together, so these persons may surely perform and keep the vow and covenant betwixt them made, (whereof this ring given and received is a token and pledge) & may ever remain in perfect love and peace together, and live according to thy laws, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
¶ Then shall the Priest joyn their right hands together, and say.
Those whom God hath joyned together, let no man put asunder.
¶ Then shall the Minister speak unto the People.
Forasmuch as N. and N. have consented together in holy wedlock, and have witnessed the same before God, and this Company, and thereto have given and pledged their troth either to other, and have declared the same, by giving and receiving of a ring, and by joyning of Hands: I pronounce that they be man and wife together, In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghost. Amen.
¶ And the Minister shall add« this Blessing.
God the Father, God the Son, God the holy Ghost, bless, preserve, and keep you; the Lord mercifully with his favour look upon you, and soe fill you with all spiritual benediction, and grace, that ye may so live together in this life, that in the world to come, ye may have life everlasting. Amen.
¶ Then the Minister or Clerks going to the Lords Table, shall say or sing this Psalm following.
Blessed are all they that fear the Lord: and walke in his wayes.
¶ Or this Psalm.
Beati omnes. Psal: 128.
God be mercifull unto us, and bless us: and shew us the light of his Countenance, and be mereiful1 unto us.
¶ The Psalm ended, and the man and the Woman kneeling before the Lords Table, the Priest standing at the table and turning his face towards them, shall say.Lord have mercy upon us,
¶ Answer.Christ have mercy upon us.
¶ Minister.Lord have mercy upon us.
Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be don in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation : But deliver us from evil. Amen.
¶ Minister.O Lord save thy servant, and thy handmaid.
¶ Answer.Who put their trust in thee.
¶ Minister.O Lord send them help from thy holy place.
¶ Answer.And evermore defend them.
¶ Minister.Be unto them a tower of Strength.
¶ Answer.From the face of their enemy.
¶ Minister.O Lord hear our prayer.
¶ Answer.And let our cry come unto thee.
|Deus misereatur. Psal: 67.|
O God of Abraham, God of Isaac, God of Jacob, bless these thy servants, and sow the seed of eternall life in their hearts, that whatsoever in thy holy word, they shall profitably learne, they may indeed fulfill the same. Look, O Lord, mercifully upon them from heaven, and bless them. And as thou didst send thy blessing upon Abraham and Sarah, to their great comfort; so vouchsafe to send thy blessing upon these thy servants, that they obeying thy will, and alway being in safety under thy protection, may abide in thy love unto their lives end. through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
¶ This Prayer next following shall be omitted, where the woman is past chi1d-bearing.
O mercifull Lord, and heavenly Father, by whose gratious gift mankind is increased: we beseech thee assist with thy blessing these two persons, that they may both be fruitfull in procreation of Children, and also live together so long in godly love and honesty, that they may see their children christianly and virtuously brought up, to thy praise and honour through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.
O God, who by thy mighty power hast made all things of nothing, who also (after other things set in order) didst appoint, that out of man (created after thine own Image, and similitude) woman should take her beginning: and knitting them together didst teach, that it should never be lawfull to put asunder those whom thou by Matrimony hadst made one: O God who hast consecrated the State of Matrimony to such an excellent Mystery, that in it is signified, and represented the spiritual Marriage and unity betwixt Christ and his Church; look mercifully upon these thy servants, that both this man may love his wife according to thy word, (as Christ did love his Spouse the Church, who gave himselfe for it, loving and cherishing it even as his own flesh) and alsoe that this woman may be loving and amiable, faithfull and obedient to her husband, and in all quietness, sobriety, and peace, be a follower of holy and godly Matrons. O Lord bless them both, and grant them to inherit thy everlasting Kingdome, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
¶ Then shall the Priest say.
Almighty God who at the beginning did create our first parents Adam and Eve, and did sanctifie and joyn them together in marriage: pour upon you the riches of his Grace, sanctifie and bless you, that ye may please him both in body and soul, and live together in holy love unto your lives end. Amen.
¶ After which if there be no sermon, declaring the duties of man and wife, the Minister shall read as followeth.
All ye that are married, or that intend to take the holy estate of Matrimony upon you, hear what the holy scripture doth say, as touching the duty of husbands towards their wifes and wives towards their husbands.
Saint Paul in his Epistle to the Ephesians, the fifth Chapter doth give this commandment to all married men. Husbands love your wives, even as Christ also loved the Church, and gave himselfe for it; that he might sanctife, and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word. That he might present it to himselfe a glorious Church, not having spott or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. So ought men to love their wives, as their own bodies; he that loveth his Wife, loveth himselfe. For no man ever yet hated his own flesh, but nourisheth, and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the Church. For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones. For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joyned unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. This is a great Mystery: but I speake concerning Christ and the Church. Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife, even as himselfe.
¶ It is convenient that the new married persons should receive the holy Communion at the time of their marriage, or at the first opportunity after their Marriage.
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