World Missions and the Social Gospel

1807 Slave trade abolished in England. William Wilberforce, evangelical Anglican layman, is largely responsible. He is a member of the evangelical Clapham Sect of Anglicans, who are also successful in helping chimney sweeps and factory workers.
1823 Reginald Heber, hymn-writer, becomes the highly effective second bishop "and chief missionary" of Calcutta.
1832 First Reform Act enfranchises large numbers of the English poor. The act is generally opposed by the bishops; the Archbishop of Canterbury is almost struck by a dead cat during anti-clerical riots.
1838 Frederick Denison Maurice, priest with Unitarian background and socialist activist, publishes "The Kingdom of Christ", about the causes of divisions among Christians.
1835 Jackson Kemper ordained Bishop and is first missionary bishop to American frontier.
1841 George Augustus Selwyn, linguist and swimmer, becomes first bishop of New Zealand
1846 William Augustus Muhlenberg founds Church of the Holy Communion in New York City. Innovations include free pews, weekly communion, and an unemployment fund.
1864 Samuel Crowther, former Black slave, made bishop "on the Niger".
1865 William Booth begins the ministry that will become the Salvation Army. Anglicans and Methodists generally fail to support his work for many years.
1866 Channing Moore Williams made bishop of China and Japan
1871 John Coleridge Patteson, swimming bishop of Melanesia, and his friends are mistaken for slave traders and martyred.
1877 Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky, translator of the Bible into various oriental languages, becomes bishop of Shanghai.
1885 James Hannington, bishop of East Equatorial Africa, and his companions are martyred by xenophobic King Mwanga of Uganda. ("Go, tell Mwanga I have purchased the road to Uganda with my blood.")
1887 Nippon Sei Ko Kai, Anglican community in Japan, founded.
1890 Christian Student Movement starts in England.
1896 Bernard Mizeki, catechist, martyred in South Africa.
1942 Martyrs of New Guinea

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