1660: Restoration of the monarchy under Charles II.

Everyone is tired of Puritan rule. Puritan laws and censorship are repealed; the theaters re-open. The "Declaration of Breda" results in tolerance for Puritan views within the Anglican fold. The conflict with Puritanism leaves distrust for religious individualism and emotionalism ("enthusiasm") among Anglicans. This will continue through the "Great Awakening". Oppression of Ireland under both Royalists and Puritans makes it certain that Anglicanism will never be popular there.

1662 "Act of Uniformity" makes it impossible for Anglican bishops to continue in communion with other Christians whose ministers lack apostolic succession. Revised Book of Common Prayer makes many practices optional, and reintroduces many saints' days.
1667 John Milton publishes "Paradise Lost". (A "Socinian" and "Arminian", he depicts the devils as the first Calvinists.)
1677 A Greek Orthodox rite church is built in London. A plan for ecumenical relationship with the Orthodox fizzles when the Ecumenical Patriarch finds out that the bishop of London will be in charge....
1685 Last execution for witchcraft in England.
1692 Salem witchcraft fiasco in New England.
1685 Charles II dies a Roman Catholic, and is succeeded by his brother, James II, a militant Roman Catholic.
1688 "Trial of the Seven Bishops", for publishing a grievance against the king. The king's prosecution of Archbishop Sancroft and his six colleagues ends with the Glorious Revolution; Parliament bloodlessly replaces James II with William III (of Orange). The Church of Scotland is officially made Presbyterian, as part of the settlement. Thomas Ken, bishop of Bath and Wells, refuses to swear allegiance to King William III and is deprived of his see. He is joined by Archbishop Sancroft and several others. (In 1700, Ken writes the hymn, "Praise God from Whom all blessings flow.") The Scottish bishops also refuse to swear allegiance. During the next century, they will reintroduce customs from the ancient church, including adding water to the wine, prayer for the departed, invocation of the Holy Spirit during eucharist, speaking of the eucharist as "sacrifice".
1689 Act of Toleration, partially restores civil rights to Roman Catholics and Dissenters. The events since the Reformation have finally convinced most Anglicans of the virtues of tolerance and mutual forbearance.
1707 Isaac Watts, a dissenter, publishes "Hymns and Spiritual Songs."
1726 Jonathan Swift publishes "Gulliver's Travels".

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