OF REPELLING FROM HOLY COMMUNION
APPLICABLE TO BOTH THE AUTHORIZED OFFICES OF
It is desirable that so many as intend to be partakers of the Holy Communion should signify their names to the Priest.
The Priest shall sing or say the Service in a distinct and audible voice.
Upon the Sundays and other Holy-days (if there be no Communion) may be said all that is appointed at the Communion until the end of the Sentences appointed for the Offertory, together with one or more of the Collects in the Appendix, concluding with the Blessing.
And in Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, and Colleges, where there are many Priests and Deacons, they shall all receive the Communion with the Priest every Sunday at the least, except they have a reasonable cause to the contrary.
It is desirable that the Bread for the Holy Communion shall be the best and purest wheat bread, whether loaf or wafer, that conveniently may be gotten.
It is customary to mix a little pure water with the Wine in the Eucharistic Cup.
According to long-existing custom in the Scottish Church, the Presbyter may reserve so much of the consecrated Gifts as may be required for the Communion of the Sick and others who could not be present at the celebration in church. All that remaineth of the Holy Sacrament, and is not so required, the Presbyter and such other of the communicants as he shall then call unto him shall, after the Blessing, reverently eat and drink.
It is the duty of every confirmed member of the Church to receive the Holy Sacrament with frequency, and especially to receive it at Easter and at the other Great Festivals of the Church.
It is hereby declared that it is the duty of the Minister to use and observe the Order for Holy Communion without diminishing therefrom or adding thereto. The Order here provided shall not be supplemented by additional prayers save so far as may be ordered or permitted by the Bishop.
At every celebration of the Holy Communion reasonable opportunity to communicate shall be given to the people who wish to do so.
THE SCOTTISH LITURGY
FOR THE CELEBRATION OF THE HOLY EUCHARIST AND ADMINISTRATION OF HOLY COMMUNION
THE SCOTTISH COMMUNION OFFICE
ALMIGHTY God, unto whom all hearts be open, all desires known, and from whom no secrets are hid: Cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of thy Holy Spirit, that we may perfectly love thee, and worthily magnify thy holy Name; through Christ our Lord. Amen.
spake these words and said; I am the Lord thy God: Thou shalt have none other gods but me.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not make to thyself any graven image, nor
the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, or in the
water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down to them, nor worship them*. For I the Lord
thy God am a jealous God, and visit the sins of the fathers upon the children unto the
third and fourth generation of them that hate me, and shew mercy unto thousands in them
that love me, and keep my commandments.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not take the Name of the Lord thy God in
vain*. For the Lord will not hold him guiltless, that taketh his Name in vain.
Presbyter. Remember that thou keep holy the sabbath-day. Six
days shalt thou labour, and do all that thou hast to do*; but the seventh day is the
sabbath of the Lord thy God. In it thou shalt do no manner of work, thou, and thy son, and
thy daughter, thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, thy cattle, and the stranger that is
within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea,, and all that
in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the seventh day, and
Presbyter. Honour thy father and thy mother*; that thy days may
be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Presbyter. Thou shalt do no murder.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not steal.
Presbyter. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy
Presbyter. Thou shalt not covet* thy neighbour's house, thou
shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his servant, nor his maid, nor his ox, nor his
ass, nor any thing that is his.
Or he may rehearse, instead of the Ten Commandments, the Summary of the Law asfolloweth:
Lord Jesus Christ said: Hear, O Israel,the Lord our God is one Lord: and thou shalt love
the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and
with all thy strength: This is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this,
Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: there is none other commandment greater than
Or else, instead of, or in addition to, the Ten Commandments or the Summary of the Law, may be sung or said as followeth:
Then shall be said the Collect or Collects, the Presbyter standing as before and first saying,
Let us pray.
|* The Greek forms -- "Kyrie, eleison", and "Christe, eleison" -- may be used in either the threefold or the ninefold form instead of the English forms "Lord, have mercy upon us", "Christ, have mercy upon us".|
Then the Presbyter, or some other Presbyter or Deacon, turning to the people, shall read the Epistle or Lesson, saying, The Epistle [or The Lesson] is written in the ---- chapter of ---- beginning at the ---- verse. And, the Epistle or Lesson ended, he shall say, Here endeth the Epistle or Lesson]. Then shall the Presbyter, or some other Presbyter or Deacon, turning to the people, read the Gospel, saying, The Holy Gospel is written in the ---- chapter of the Gospel according to ----, beginning at the ---- verse; and the people, all standing up, shall devoutly sing or say,
Glory be to thee, O Lord.
Thanks be to thee, O Lord, for this thy glorious Gospel.
BELIEVE in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, And of all things
visible and invisible:
Then the Presbyter shall declare unto the people what Holy-days or Fasting-days are to be observed in the week. And also (if occasion be) notice shall be given of the Holy Communion; Banns of Matrimony may be published; and, subject to the authority of the Bishop, other notices may be read.
If there be a Sermon, it followeth here.
When the Presbyter giveth warning of the iloly Communion he may, at his discretion, use the first or the second of the Exhortations appended on pages 377-380.
The Exhortation appended on page 381 may be used at the discretion of the Presbyter before the Offertory, the people standing.
The Presbyter may here bid special prayers and thanksgivings.
Then, the people standing until after the Sanctus, the Presbyter, or Deacon, shall say,
LET us present our offerings to the Lord with reverence and godly fear.
Then the Presbyter shall begin the Offertory, saying one or more of these Sentences following, as he thinketh most convenient.
I WILL offer in his dwelling an oblation with great gladness; I will sing and speak praises unto the Lord. Psalm 27. 7.
Offer unto God thanksgiving, and pay thy vows unto the most Highest. Psalm 50. 14.
Give unto the Lord the glory due unto his Name: bring an offering, and come into his courts. Psalm 96. 8.
I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the Name of the Lord; I will pay my vows unto the Lord in the sight of all his people. Psalm 116. 15, 16.
Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven: but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. St. Matthew 7. 21.
Remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. Acts 20. 85.
As we have opportunity, let us do good unto all men; especially unto them who are of the household of faith. Galatians 6. 10.
To do good and to communicate forget not; for with such sacrifices God is well-pleased. Hebrews 13. 16.
(a) Advent. Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Sion: behold, thy king cometh unto thee. Zechariak 9. 9.
(b) Christmas. Unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given. Isaiah 9. 6.
(c) Epiphany. From the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name is great among the Gentiles: and in every place incense is offered unto my name, and a pure offering; for my name is great among the Gentiles, saith the Lord. Malachi 1. 11.
(d) Lent. Turn thy face from my sins, and put out all my misdeeds. Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me. Psalm 51. 9, 10.
(e) Passiontide. Thy rebuke hath broken my heart; I am full of heaviness: I looked for some to have pity on me, but there was no man, neither found I any to comfort me. Psalm 69. 21.
(f) Easter. Christ is risen from the dead; and become the first-fruits of them that slept. Alleluia. 1 Corinthians 15. 20.
(g) Ascension. Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors: and the King of glory shall come in. Alleluia. Psalm 24. 9.
(h) Whitsun. I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh. Alleluia. Joel 2. 28.
(i) Trinity Sunday. Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy Name? For thou only art holy. Revelation 15. 4.
(j) Saints' Days. All thy works praise thee, O Lord: and thy saints give thanks unto thee. Psalm 145. 10.
(k) General. Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. Genesis 14. 18.
BLESSED be thou, O Lord God, for ever and ever. Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine: thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and thou art exalted as head above all: both riches and honour come of thee, and of thine own do we give unto thee. Amen.
Then shall the Presbyter say,
Lord be with you;
IT is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we should at all times, and in all places, give thanks unto thee, O Lord, Holy Father, Almighty, Everlasting God.
Here shall follow the Proper Preface, according to the time, if there be any especially appointed (see pages 366-371); or else immediately shall follow,
THEREFORE with Angels and Archangels, and with all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious Name; evermore praising thee and saying:
HOLY, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and
earth are full of thy glory. Glory be to thee, O Lord most high. Amen.
Here may be sung or said:
BLESSED is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest.
When this is sung or said, Amen shall be omitted after the Sanctus.
Then the Presbyter, standing at such a part of the Holy Table as he may with the most ease and decency use both his hands, shall say the Prayer of Consecration, as followeth:
ALL glory and thanksgiving be to thee, Almighty God, our heavenly Father, for that thou of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the cross for our redemption; who, by his own oblation of himself once offered, made a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satis-faction, for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy Gospel command us to continue, a perpetual memorial of that his precious death and sacrifice until his coming again.
For, in the night that he was betrayed, ahe took bread; and when he had given thanks, bhe brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat, cthis is my Body, which is given for you: Do this in remem-brance of me. Likewise after supper dhe took the cup; and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this, for ethis is my Blood of the new testament, which is shed for you and for many for the remission of sins: Do this as oft as ye shall drink it in remembrance of me.
Wherefore, O Lord, and heavenly Father, according to the institution of thy dearly beloved Son our Saviour Jesus Christ, we thy humble servants do celebrate and make here before thy Divine Majesty, with these thy holy gifts, which we now offer unto thee, the memorial thy Son hath commanded us to make; having in remembrance his blessed passion, and precious death, his mighty resurrection, and glo-rious ascension; rendering unto thee most hearty thanks for the innumerable benefits procured unto us by the same, and looking for his coming again with power and great glory.
And we thine unworthy servants beseech thee, most merciful Father, to hear us, and to send thy Holy Spirit upon us and upon these thy gifts and creatures of bread and wine, that, being blessed and hallowed by his life-giving power, they may become the Body and Blood of thy most dearly
* This rubric may be disregarded.
beloved Son, to the end that all who shall receive the same may be sanctified both in body and soul, and preserved unto everlasting life.
And we earnestly desire thy fatherly goodness, mercifully to accept this our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving, most humbly beseeching thee to grant, that by the merits and death of thy Son Jesus Christ, and through faith in his blood, we and all thy whole Church may obtain remission of our sins, and all other benefits of his passion.
And here we humbly offer and present unto thee, O Lord, ourselves, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and living sacrifice unto thee, beseeching thee that all we who shall be partakers of this Holy Communion may worthily receive the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son Jesus Christ, and be fulfilled with thy grace and heavenly benediction, and made one body with him, that he may dwell in us and we in him.
And although we be unworthy, through our manifold sins, to offer unto thee any sacrifice; yet we beseech thee to accept this our bounden duty and service, not weighing our merits, but pardoning our offences, through Jesus Christ our Lord; by whom, and with whom, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, all honour and glory be unto thee, O Father Almighty, world without end. Amen.
Then shall the Presbyter or Deacon say,
Let us pray for the whole state of Christ's Church.
ALMIGHTY and Everliving God, who by thy holy Apostle hast taught us to make intercessions and to give thanks for all men: We humbly pray thee most mercifully to receive these our supplications which we offer unto thy Divine Majesty; beseeching thee to inspire continually the universal Church with the spirit of truth, unity, and concord; and grant that all they that do confess thy holy Name may agree in the truth of thy holy word, and live in unity and godly love.
We beseech thee also to save and defend all Kings, Princes, and Governors, and especially thy servant Elizabeth our Queen, and all who are put in authority under her, that we may be godly and quietly governed.
Give grace, O heavenly Father, to all Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, [and especially to thy servant N. our Bishop,] that they may both by their life and doctrine set forth thy true and living word, and rightly aud duly administer thy holy Sacraments: and to all thy people give thy heavenly grace, and especially to this Congregation here present, that they may hear and receive thy holy word, truly serving thee in holiness and righteous-ness all the days of their life.
We most humbly beseech thee of thy goodness, O Lord, to comfort and succour all those who in this transitory life are in trouble, sorrow, need, sickness, or any other adversity.
We commend to thy gracious keeping, O Lord, all thy servants departed this life in thy faith and fear, beseeching thee to grant them everlasting light and peace.
* The Second Shorter Litany (without the final collect) may be used instead of, and in the place of, this Prayer for the Church.
And we yield unto thee most high praise and hearty thanks, for the wonderful grace and virtue declared in all thy Saints, who have been the choice vessels of thy grace, and the lights of the world in their several generations1: beseeching thee to give us grace to follow the example of their stedfastness in thy faith, and obedience to thy holy commandments, that at the day of the general resurrection, we, and all they who are of the mystical body of thy Son, may be set on his right hand, and hear his most joyful voice, Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
Grant this, O Father, for Jesus Christ's sake, our only Mediator and Advocate. Amen.
Then shall the Presbyter say,
As our Saviour Christ hath commanded and taught us, we are bold to say,
OUR Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name, Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done, in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory, For ever and ever. Amen.
Here the Presbyter shall break the consecrated Bread; and silence may be kept for a brief space.
1On feasts of the Blessed Virgin and the Saints for which a Proper Preface is provided, this commemoration may be inserted with the Bishop's consent: and chiefly in the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord and God, and in the Holy Patriarchs, Prophets, Apostles, and Martyrs, beseeching thee to give us grace, &c.
Then shall the Presbyter say:
THE peace of the Lord be with you all;*
Answer. And with thy spirit.
Presbyter. Brethren, let us love one another, for love is of God.H
Then the Presbyter or Deacon shall say this invitation to them that come to receive the Holy Communion,
YE that do truly and earnestly repent you of your sins, and are in love and charity with your neighbours, and intend to lead a new life, following the command-ments of God, and walking from henceforth in his holy ways: Draw near with faith, and take this Holy Sacra-ment to your comfort; and make your humble confession to Almighty God, meekly kneeling upon your knees.
Then shall this general Confession be made by the people, along with the Presbyter; he first kneeling down.
ALMIGHTY God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Maker of all things, Judge of all men: We
*AThe peace of the Lord be with you always@ may be used instead.
HABrethren, let us love one another...@ may be omitted; and, when it is used, ABeloved@ may be substituted for ABrethren@.
'The Exhortation AYe that do truly@ and the Comfortable Words may be omitted on all weekdays.
On weekdays the biddingALet us humbly confess our sins to Almighty God@ and the shorter form of Confession and Absolution, as in Morning and Evening Prayer, may be used in place of the longer forms.
On weekdays when the longer form of Confession is used, ALet us humbly confess our sins to Almighty God@ may be substituted for AYe that do truly. . .@.
acknowledge and bewail our manifold sins and wickedness, Which we from time to time most grievously have committed, By thought, word, and deed Against thy Divine Majesty, Provoking most justly thy wrath and indignation against us. We do earnestly repent, And are heartily sorry for these our misdoings; The remem-brance of them is grievous unto us; The burden of them is intolerable. Have mercy upon us, Have mercy upon us, most merciful Father; For thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ's sake, Forgive us all that is past; And grant that we may ever hereafter Serve and please thee In newness of life, To the honour and glory of thy Name; Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Then shall the Presbyter, or the Bishop if he be present, stand up, and, turning himself to the people, pronounce the Absolution asfolloweth:
A MIGHTY God, our heavenly Father, who of his great mercy hath promised forgiveness of sins to all them who with hearty repentance and true faith turn unto him: Have mercy upon you; pardon and deliver you from all your sins; confirm and strengthen you in all goodness; and bring you to everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Then shall the Presbyter also say,
Hear what comfortable words our. Saviour Christ saith unto all that truly turn to him.
COME unto me all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
St. Matthew 11. 28.
God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. St. John 3. 16.
Hear also what Saint Paul saith.
This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners. 1 Timothy 1. 15.
Hear also what Saint John saith.
If any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: and he is the propitiation for our sins. 1 St. John 2. 1, 2.
WE do not presume to come to this thy Holy Table, O merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies. We are not worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy Table: but thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy. Grant us therefore, gracious Lord, so to eat the Flesh of thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and to drink his Blood, that our sinful bodies may be made clean by his most sacred Body, and our souls washed through his most precious Blood, and that we may evermore dwell in him, and he in us. Amen.*
Here may be sung or said:
O LAMB of God, that takest away the sins of the world: have mercy upon us.
O Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world: have mercy upon us.
O Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world: grant us thy peace.
* The people may join with the priest in reciting this prayer.
THE Body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.
Here the person receiving shall say,
And the Presbyter that receiveth the Cup himself, as likewise the Presbyter or Deacon that delivereth it to any other, shall say,
THE Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was shed for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.
Here the person receiving shall say,
THANKSGIVING AFTER COMMUNION
Then the Presbyter or Deacon, turning to the people, shall say,
HAVING now received the precious Body and Blood of Christ, let us give thanks to our Lord God, who hath graciously vouchsafed to admit us to the participation of his Holy Mysteries; and let us beg of him grace to perform our vows, and to persevere in our good resolutions; and that being made holy, we may obtain everlasting life, through the merits of the all-sufficient sacrifice of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
This Exhortation may be omitted [except on Sundays and the Great
Then the Presbyter shall say this Collect of thanksgiving as followeth:H
ALMIGHTY and Everliving God, we most heartily thank thee, for that thou dost vouchsafe to feed us, who have duly received these Holy Mysteries, with the spiritual food of the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ; and dost assure us thereby of thy favour and goodness towards us, and that we are very members incorporate in the Inystical Body of thy Son, which is the blessed company of all faithful people; and are also heirs through hope of thy everlasting kingdom, by the merits of his most precious death and passion. We now most humbly beseech thee, O heavenly Father, so to assist us with thy Holy Spirit, that we may continue in that holy communion and fellowship, and do all such good works as thou hast prepared for us to walk in; through Jesus Christ our Lord, to whom, with thee and the Holy Ghost, be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.
* now completely optional, and may be replaced by:
V. O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is gracious;
R. And his mercy endureth for ever.
V. The Lord be with you;
R. And with thy spirit.
Let us pray.
HOn weekdays one or more of the Post-Communion Collects may be used as an alternative to the Prayer of Thanksgiving.
Then shall be sung or saidGloria in excelsis, by the Presbyter and people, as followeth:*
GLORY be to God in the highest, and in earth peace, good will towards men. We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee, we give thanks to thee for thy great glory, O Lord God, heavenly King, God the Father Almighty; and to thee, O God, the only-begotten Son Jesu Christ; and to thee, O God, the Holy Ghost.
O Lord, the only-begotten Son, Jesu Christ; O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us. Thou that takest away the sins of the world, receive our prayer. Thou that sittest at the right hand of God the Father, have mercy upon us.
For thou only art holy, thou only art the Lord, thou only, O Christ, with the Holy Ghost, art most high in the glory of God the Father. Amen.
For the Post-Communions see pages 371-377.
Then the Presbyter, or the Bishop if he be present, shall let them depart with this Blessing.
THE peace of God which passeth all underst anding, keep your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord: And the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be amongst you and remain with you always. Amen.
* The Gloria in Excelsis may be omitted on Sundays in Advent, and on those from Septuagesima to Palm Sunday inclusive.
THE ORDER FOR A SECOND
IF THE CONSECRATED BREAD OR WINE BE ALL SPENT BEFORE ALL HAVE COMMUNICATED
The Presbyter shall consecrate more in both kinds, saying:
OUR Lord Jesus Christ, in the night that he was betrayed, atook bread; and when he had given thanks, bhe brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat, cthis is my Body, which is given for you: Do this in remembrance of me. the Likewise after supper dhe took the cup; and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this, for ethis is my Blood of the new testament, whichis shed for you and for many forthe remission of sins: Do this as oft as ye shall drink it in remembrance of me.
We thine unworthy servants therefore beseech thee, most merciful Father, to hear us, and to send thy Holy Spirit upon us and upon these thy gifts and creatures of bread and wine, that, being blessed and hallowed by his life-giving power, they may become the Body and Blood of thy most dearly beloved Son, to the end that all who shall receive the same may be sanctified both in body and soul, and preserved unto everlasting life.
And the people shall say,