[Francophones] les rivaux en Nord Kivu (New York Times en anglais)
bishop at tec-europe.org
Sam 13 Déc 09:32:04 GMT 2008
article qui v de pair avec celui du Monde...
December 13, 2008
Militias in Congo Tied to Government and Rwanda
By LYDIA POLGREEN
GOMA, Congo — A report to the United Nations Security Council by a
panel of independent experts found evidence of links between senior
officials of the Congolese and Rwandan governments and the armed
groups fighting in eastern Congo. The findings portray a complex proxy
struggle between the nations, with each using armed forces based in
the area to pursue political, financial and security objectives in a
region ravaged by conflict.
The report, which was based on months of independent research in the
region, gives the clearest picture yet of the underpinnings of the
fighting in eastern Congo, revealing a sordid network of intertwined
interests in Congo and Rwanda that have fueled the continuing chaos.
Tiny Rwanda and its vast neighbor to the west, Congo, have long been
connected by a shared history of ethnic strife. In the aftermath of
the Rwandan genocide in 1994, Hutu militias that carried out the
killing fled into Congo, then known as Zaire.
In 1996, Rwanda backed a rebel force led by Laurent Kabila that
ultimately toppled Congo’s longtime president, Mobutu Sese Seko. The
initial aim had been to capture the Hutu fighters who had carried out
the genocide, but the fighting devolved into a frenzy of plundering of
Congo’s minerals, spawning a conflict that drew in half a dozen
nations and left as many as five million people dead. Most died of
hunger and disease.
The report’s findings on the current conflict are likely to strain
already tense relations between the countries, providing ammunition
for each. Congolese officials have accused Rwanda of supporting Tutsi
rebels led by a renegade general from the same ethnic group as much of
Rwanda has accused Congo’s government of colluding with an armed group
led by some of the Hutu militia who carried out the 1994 genocide in
Rwanda. These are the fighters who fled afterward to Congo and
eventually formed a group known by its French abbreviation, the
F.D.L.R. It preys on Congolese civilians and enriches itself with the
country’s gold, tin and coltan, a mineral used in making the tiny
processors in electronic equipment.
The independent experts found extensive evidence of high-level
communication between the government of Rwanda and the Tutsi rebel
group known as the Congress for the Defense of the People, led by the
renegade general Laurent Nkunda, based on reviews of satellite phone
The report said that the calls were “frequent and long enough to
indicate at least extensive sharing of information.”
In interviews, several of General Nkunda’s fighters described Rwandan
soldiers’ helping the rebels inside Congo, according to the report.
Rwandan soldiers also helped bring recruits, some of them children, to
Congo’s border to fight in General Nkunda’s rebellion, the report said.
It also investigated how General Nkunda was paying for his militia,
documenting hundreds of thousands of dollars in payments for taxes in
territory that he controls. The report also named prominent business
executives who had backed him financially.
Congo’s military, meanwhile, has been collaborating with the Hutu
militia that is led by the authors of the Rwandan genocide, according
to the report. The weak and undisciplined Congolese Army has
frequently relied on help from these fighters in battling General
In exchange for ammunition, the militia fighters have helped in
numerous offensives, the report said, citing by name several senior
Congolese military officers who had handed over matériel to the Hutu
forces. According to satellite phone records, senior military and
intelligence figures in Congo have spoken frequently with top Hutu
“It is obvious that Rwandan authorities and Congolese authorities are
aware of support provided to rebel groups,” Jason K. Stearns, the
coordinator for the five-member panel that produced the report, said
Friday at a news conference at the United Nations. “They haven’t done
anything to bring it to an end.”
He said the Congolese government said that it had no policy to aid the
Hutu militia but that there might be support from individual military
commanders. Both governments said that telephone records showing
conversations between officials and rebels did not constitute support,
Neil MacFarquhar contributed reporting from the United Nations.
Copyright 2008 The New York Times Company
for Us Site Map
Bishop (Mgr) Pierre Whalon
Convocation of Episcopal Churches in Europe
23, avenue George V
75008 Paris France
+33 1 53 23 84 06 (tel)
+33 1 49 52 96 85 (fax)
office at tec-europe.org
-------------- section suivante --------------
Une pièce jointe HTML a été nettoyée...
-------------- section suivante --------------
Une pièce jointe non texte a été nettoyée...
Taille: 1810 octets
Desc: non disponible
Plus d'informations sur la liste de diffusion Francophones.justus